WIS­DOM Ex­ces­sive eat­ing and ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis

Hindustan Times ST (Jaipur) - Hindustan Times (Jaipur) - City - - Time Out - An­jali Muk­er­jee

Un­healthy eat­ing habits play a ma­jor role in the de­vel­op­ment of heart dis­eases, di­a­betes, etc. How­ever, bal­anced nutri­tion helps pre­vent many lifestyle dis­eases.

What is ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis? Ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis is a process in which the in­ner walls of the ar­ter­ies are clogged due to choles­terol, fats, and in­flam­ma­tory de­posits called plaque. As plaque builds up, the artery wall gets hard and thick­ened. The re­sul­tant dam­age is dif­fer­ent in dif­fer­ent in­di­vid­u­als. Plaque for­ma­tion and in­flam­ma­tion causes nar­row­ing of ar­ter­ies due to which blood flow is ham­pered. In gen­eral, peo­ple with high choles­terol, di­a­betes mel­li­tus, high blood pres­sure, smok­ing habits, etc. are more prone to ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis.

A few tips for a healthy heart: Detox­ify your body by con­sum­ing raw veg­etable juices such as mint co­rian­der, tomato and co­rian­der, cap­sicum and co­rian­der, etc. Eat fi­bre-rich whole­grains such as jowar, ba­jra, mil­let (ragi) Eat more veg­eta­bles. Re­duce the con­sump­tion of non-veg­e­tar­ian foods, whole milk, cheese, etc. Eat healthy fats such as nuts, seeds, mus­tard oil, sesame seed oil, etc. Avoid sat­u­rated fats found in pro­cessed foods.

Which sup­ple­ments help? Sev­eral flavonoid-rich herbs such as turmeric, and co­coa help in bat­tling the disease, and to re­duce some side ef­fects of drugs. Pome­gran­ate: Its daily con­sump­tion re­duces blood pres­sure and im­proves is­chemia (in­ad­e­quate blood sup­ply) in pa­tients al­ready suf­fer­ing from ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis. Turmeric: Cur­cumin is the main flavonoid of the spice. It has shown pow­er­ful an­ti­in­flam­ma­tory and an­tiox­i­dant prop­er­ties, that help man­age ath­er­o­scle­ro­sis by pre­vent­ing plaque build-up in the ar­ter­ies. Co­coa: Re­cent stud­ies have found that co­coa flavonoids are car­dio­pro­tec­tive in na­ture — they re­duce the ten­dency of plaque for­ma­tion and in­creases blood flow in ar­ter­ies. There are a num­ber of other sup­ple­ments that can also help pro­tect the heart, in­clud­ing white tea, green tea, blueberries, black­ber­ries and rasp­ber­ries.

PHOTO: FOR REPRESENTATIONAL PUR­POSES ONLY

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