Map­ping Hindi’s migrating foot­print across In­dia

Hindustan Times ST (Mumbai) - - FRONT PAGE -

seem­ingly in­hibit eco­nomic in­te­gra­tion in In­dia. The 2016-17 Eco­nomic Sur­vey pub­lished by the min­istry of fi­nance con­tained es­ti­mates of mi­gra­tion in the 20-29 year age group be­tween 2001 and 2011.

While states in the Hindis­peak­ing belt, such as Ut­tar Pradesh, Bi­har and Ra­jasthan, had the high­est net out­flow of mi­grants, Tamil Nadu and Ker­ala recorded the high­est mi­grant in­flow dur­ing the pe­riod. The sur­vey says that in ab­so­lute terms, Ut­tar Pradesh and Bi­har had a net mi­grant out­flow of 5.83 mil­lion and 2.63 mil­lion peo­ple (in the 20-29 age-group) re­spec­tively, while Tamil Nadu saw the largest net in­flow at 1 mil­lion.

Read­ing these num­bers with per capita in­come level of states shows that in­ter-state mi­gra­tion in In­dia pri­mar­ily takes place from poor to rich states. These mi­gra­tion trends find a strik­ing par­al­lel in the chang­ing com­po­si­tion of the lan­guages spo­ken across states, ac­cord­ing to the re­cently re­leased lan­guage data from Cen­sus 2011. The per­cent­age of peo­ple re­port­ing Hindi as their mother tongue in­creased across 30 of 36 states and Union Ter­ri­to­ries in the pe­riod 2001-2011.


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