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My par­ents, sib­lings and I had all en­tered into a fam­ily ar­range­ment in 2001. We am­i­ca­bly re­solved all our dis­putes and ar­rived at a set­tle­ment re­gard­ing the dis­tri­bu­tion of var­i­ous prop­er­ties held by our fam­ily mem­bers.

Sub­se­quently, af­ter a few years, we de­cided to cap­ture and put down our un­der­stand­ing in writ­ing for the pur­pose of keep­ing it as a record. What is the va­lid­ity of this doc­u­ment? Is it le­gal and bind­ing?

—LK Grover In case the doc­u­ment in ques­tion merely serves to record the fam­ily set­tle­ment which was pre­vi­ously ar­rived at be­tween the par­ties and does not cre­ate any fresh rights and obli­ga­tions of the par­ties, then such a doc­u­ment will not re­quire to be reg­is­tered, and is valid even if un­reg­is­tered. How­ever,

The owner of a prop­erty that I have taken on rent wants me to file prop­erty tax for it. Is fil­ing prop­erty tax the re­spon­si­bil­ity of the owner or the ten­ant?

—J L Tha­par Own­er­ship of an im­mov­able prop­erty comes at­tached with the owner’s re­spon­si­bil­ity to make pay­ment of cer­tain dues with re­spect to the prop­erty owned, such as

Last year, I en­tered into a lease for five years, with a lock-in pe­riod of three years. How­ever, the lease deed was not reg­is­tered by the lessor de­spite my re­quests to him to ac­com­pany me to the sub-regis-

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