Smart ci­ties, a so­lu­tion to ur­ban­i­sa­tion?

Thanks to rapid ur­ban in­flux, In­dia will need about 500 new ci­ties in the near fu­ture

HT Estates - - HTESTATES - Anuj Puri

Across the world, the stride of mi­gra­tion from ru­ral ur­ban ar­eas is in­creas­ing. By 2050, about 70% of the pop­u­la­tion will be liv­ing in ci­ties, and In­dia is no ex­cep­tion. In­dia will need about 500 new ci­ties to ac­com­mo­date the rapid in­flux of pop­u­la­tion into its ur­ban re­gions.

In­ter­est­ingly, ur­ban­i­sa­tion in In­dia has for the long­est time been viewed as a by- prod­uct of failed re­gional plan­ning. Though this is in­evitable, and will only change when the ben­e­fits of ur­ban­i­sa­tion over­take the costs in­volved, it is an op­por­tu­nity for achiev­ing faster growth.

With in­creas­ing ur­ban­i­sa­tion and the load on the land in ru­ral ar­eas, the In­dian gov­ern­ment has now re­alised the need for ci­ties that can cope with the in­her­ent chal­lenges of ur­ban liv­ing and also be mag­nets for in­vest­ment to catal­yse the lo­cal economies. The an­nounce­ment of 100 smart ci­ties falls in line with this vi­sion.

A smart city is an ur­ban re­gion that is highly ad­vanced in terms of over­all in­fras­truc- ture, sus­tain­able real es­tate, com­mu­ni­ca­tions and mar­ket vi­a­bil­ity. It is a city with in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy as its prin­ci­pal in­fra­struc­ture and the very ba­sis for pro­vid­ing es­sen­tial ser­vices to its res­i­dents. A smart city of­fers a su­pe­rior way of life to its res­i­dents, and one wherein eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment and ac­tiv­ity is sus­tain­able and ra­tio­nally in­cre­men­tal by virtue of be­ing based on suc­ces­sori­ented mar­ket driv­ers such as sup­ply and de­mand. The con­cept of smart ci­ties orig­i­nated at the time when the en­tire world was fac­ing one of the worst eco­nomic crises. In 2008, IBM be­gan work on a ‘smarter ci­ties’ con­cept as part of its Smarter Planet ini­tia­tive. By the be­gin­ning of 2009, the con­cept had cap­ti­vated the imag­i­na­tion of var­i­ous na­tions.

I n I ndia, t he ci­ties t hat have on­go­ing or pro­posed smart ci­ties in­clude Kochi in Ker­ala, Ahmed­abad in Gu­jarat, Aurangabad in Ma­ha­rash­tra, Mane­sar in Delhi NCR, Khushk­era i n Ra­jasthan, Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam i n Andhra Pradesh, Pon­neri in Tamil Nadu and Tumkur in Kar­nataka.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.