Build­ing bye-laws sim­pli­fied, more fo­cus on safety, art

New rules will be ra­tio­nalised and will have pro­vi­sions for green con­struc­tion norms, aes­thetics, dis­as­ter mit­i­ga­tion and bet­ter struc­tural safety codes

HT Estates - - HTESTATES - Su­nil Tyagi

The Delhi Build­ing ByeLaws, 1983 ( now called build­ing bye-laws) deal­with and gov­ern con­struc­tion and us­age of build­ings in Delhi. Th­ese lay down rules for cru­cial as­pects such as floor area ra­tio (FAR), num­ber of floors, open spa­ces, height of build­ings, park­ing space, etc.

Cur­rent build­ing bye- laws have a long drawn pro­ce­dure for ob­tain­ing sanc­tion of build­ing plans, ir­re­spec­tive of the size of the plot, and de­tailed site plans, floor plans, etc. are re­quired to be sub­mit­ted.

The process is time- con­sum­ing and in­volves de­tailed com­pli­ances. The build­ing bye-laws also do not specif­i­cally pro­vide for her­itage build­ings or build­ings which are in prox­im­ity to mon­u­ments or pro­tected struc­tures. The green con­struc­tion or rain­wa­ter har­vest­ing norms are also not cov­ered. It does not have struc­tural guide­lines for public build­ings that cater to the spe­cial needs of the dif­fer­entlyabled, el­derly and chil­dren. Also, though the fire-safety mech­a­nism is present, there are no pro­vi­sions for mit­i­ga­tion of other dis­as­ters.

Seek­ing to end the dif­fi­cul­ties faced by those want­ing to ob­tain build­ing plan ap­provals in Delhi, the min­istry of ur­ban devel­op­ment has di­rected the Delhi Devel­op­ment Author­ity to no­tify sim­pli­fied, ra­tio­nalised and up­dated build­ing bye-laws.

Some of t he i mpor t ant changes and ad­di­tions that are pro­posed in the draft build­ing bye-laws are: The process of ob­tain­ing sanc­tions for build­ing plans has been tweaked and clas­si­fied depend­ing on the size of the plot: 1. Small res­i­den­tial plots of up to 100 square me­tre are now ex­empted from pro­ce­dures re­quired for ob­tain­ing sanc­tions. Those build­ing on the plots will only have to fur­nish the req­ui­site i nfor ma­tion in a sim­pli­fied one-page un­der­tak­ing that they will abide by the build­ing byelaws along with en­clo­sures and pay ap­pro­pri­ate build­ing per­mit fee to the con­cerned author­ity and go ahead with the con­struc­tion. The va­lid­ity of this sub­mis­sion will be three years and if re­quired, a fresh sub­mis­sion may be made there­after. 2. Fo r p l o t s m e a s u r i n g be­tween 100 square me­tre to 20,000 square me­tre, spe­cific time sched­ules have been stip­u­lated within which var­i­ous con­cerned agen­cies have to ac­cord ap­provals. 3. For plots mea­sur­ing more than 20,000 square me­tre, a sin­gle win­dow clear­ance mech­a­nism has been in­tro­duced. Ap­pli­ca­tions now re­ceived will be scru­ti­nised by a high- l evel com­mit­tee com­pris­ing of rep­re­sen­ta­tives of all con­cerned agen­cies for ac­cord­ing sanc­tions. Clar­ity has been im­parted in re­spect of the ap­pro­pri­ate agency l ike Her­itage Con­ser­va­tion Com­mit­tee, Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal Sur­vey of In­dia, Na­tional Mon­u­ment Au t h o r i t y, e t c to be ap­proached for sanc­tions re­quired for un­der­tak­ing con­struc­tion in her­itage build­ings or for those build­ings which are in the vicin­ity of mon­u­ments etc. Com­pe­tency norms have been clearly stip­u­lated for var­i­ous pro­fes­sion­als like struc­tural en­gi­neers, land­scape ar­chi­tects, ur­ban de­sign­ers, town plan­ners, etc. Green con­struc­tion norms have been pro­vided for - spe­cific to the size of the plot. Also, rain­wa­ter har­vest­ing and waste wa­ter re­cy­cling norms for cer­tain build­ings have been fac­tored in. Set­ting up of con­sumer griev­ances re­dres­sal com­mit­tees in ur­ban lo­cal bod­ies for time­bound res­o­lu­tion of dis­putes has been pro­posed. Struc­tural de­sign guide­lines fa­cil­i­tat­ing dif­fer­ently-abled per­sons, chil­dren and se­nior cit­i­zens have been pro­vided for build­ings and fa­cil­i­ties used by the public such as ed­u­ca­tional, in­sti­tu­tional, as­sem­bly, com­mer­cial, busi­ness, mer­can­tile build­ings con­structed on plots of more than 2,000 square me­tres. Pro­vi­sions for dis­as­ter mit­i­ga­tion and struc­tural and fire safety codes have been spec­i­fied in de­tail. At­ten­tion will be paid to art el­e­ments like paint­ings, fres­cos, stat­ues etc., to be in­stalled in public build­ings for bet­ter aes­thetic en­vi­ron­ment. Th­ese new changes, once no­ti­fied, may help the gen­eral public and make the process of ob­tain­ing sanc­tioned build­ing plans easy and less time con­sum­ing. Fur­ther, mea­sures for safety in terms of pro­vi­sions for struc­tural de­sign, earth­quake and other dis­as­ter mit­i­ga­tion, dif­fer­entlyabled per­sons, chil­dren and the el­derly may make the bye-laws all in­clu­sive. Also, pro­vi­sions for green con­struc­tion, wa­ter con­ser­va­tion, etc., as pro­posed may make Delhi more sus­tain­able and en­vi­ron­ment friendly.

THINKSTOCK

Com­pe­tency norms have been clearly stip­u­lated for var­i­ous pro­fes­sion­als like struc­tural en­gi­neers, land­scape ar­chi­tects, ur­ban de­sign­ers and town plan­ners.

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