Is TOD an ambitious project?
For a transit development to be successful, land acquisition challenges will have to be overcome
While the intention of the transit-oriented development projects planned for Delhi is good and forward looking, city planners may find it difficult to execute the ambitious project if land acquisition through pooling for the purpose of redevelopment proves to be a challenge. Also, if the project continues to provide adequate parking and not encourage residents to walk-to-work or cycle to the transportation hub, it may not meet the main criteria of a TOD. It will end up being just another real estate development along a metro hub or a transit-aligned development (TAD).
Simply put, a TOD development must necessarily be highdensity, mixed income development with increased connectivity to a mass rapid transport node and offer pedestrian and cyclefriendly environments.
The challenge of executing a TOD in case of a brownfield project (where land may have to be pooled by people living in the area for redevelopment into a TOD) is higher as it may not be easy to acquire land to develop a project as large as a TOD.
Also, if the car parking ratio of residents, shoppers and commuters continues to be as generous as any other existing real estate development, TOD may not be able to live up to its name. If people find it difficult to move around without a car, the concept will fail the walkability test.
If the focus is not on pedestrian movement but vehicular traffic, the deteriorating area quality in cities will remain where it is today and TOD will not be able to make any difference.
The World Health Organization (WHO) last year had declared Delhi as one of the most polluted cities in the world with an annual average of 153 μg of small particulates, known as PM2.5 per cubic metre. If the TOD is unable to address this issue, it will be like any other real estate development that commands a premium because of its proximity to transportation corridors.