The 3Ds of transit developments
TODs are best characterised by high population density, diverse housing formats and minimum distance from the Metro
The main characteristics of TOD are best described w i t h t h e 3 D s. T h e s e include (high) density, diversity (of formats) and distance (from transportation facility such as a metro).
Besides the population, a TOD should include diverse income groups and multiple residential and commercial formats. It ought to be a mixed land use development and the distance from the transit too has to be minimum. The Navi Mumbai development is a transit adjacent development (TAD) but not a TOD.
The Karkardooma project will be the first TOD in the country and if executed well, will set a trend, says Amit Bhatt, EMBARQ – WRI.
It will be a game changer for the entire country if it is executed in the right manner. The Karkardooma corridor development is a greenfield development and therefore acquiring land is not an issue. If it ends up making a substantial difference to the quality of environment which a TOD zone is expected to provide, it will trigger an interest for TODs, he adds.
The biggest challenge going forward is how cities translate the TOD concept into action and ensure that it does not end up becoming yet another real estate project where every inch of space is a means to make a fast buck and generate revenue, say city planners.
Redeveloping land in other corridors proposed in Chapter 19 on transit oriented developments in Master Plan 2021 may be a challenge though.
It will be a challenge wherever amalgamation of land is required and wherever land ownership is fragmented. The major hurdle faced in other corridors will involve rehabilitating people. But wherever DDA has unencumbered ownership of land there will be no problem in executing a TOD project, says Ramesh Menon of Certes Realty.