TOD to meet 25% of Delhi’s housing needs
The t ransit- oriented development ( TOD) policy will be adopted for development within the i nfluence zone t hat will extend up to 500 m on both sides of the mass rapid transport system and will comprise approximately 20% of Delhi’s overall area. What this means is that if the government aims to provide for 25 lakh units in the city, about 25% of housing needs can be met through the TOD policy.
Around six l akh units can be constructed under this policy if implemented properly, says Amit Bhatt of Embarq India. The Master Plan Delhi 2021 has spelt out a housing shortage of around 25 lakh residential units in the Capital.
While the policy is good and has huge development potential, the challenge going forward is how to implement it in a manner which does not turn it into another scheme in which every inch of space is a means to make a fast buck to generate revenues, say experts.
The main characteristics of a TOD are best described with the 3Ds – high density, diversity of real estate formats and distance from the metro.
The best strategy is to have a pilot project, demonstrate the efficacy of the project and then proceed to other largescale developments. “If the approach is not measured, we will be encouraging a sprawl which may have larger ramifications,” says Bhatt.
A FAR of 400 will be of help only if there is a commensurate strategy to develop adequate support infrastructure. Otherwise, it will be a challenge to implement it in a place like Delhi. Also, a FAR of 400 has to be utilised keeping in mind other restrictions on height of structure, ground coverage permissible etc, says Dr Samantak Das, chief economist and director, research, Knight Frank India.
Authorities need to carry out a detailed estimate of the additional infrastructure required for the selected corridor. They will have to look at whether the sewage system is adequate for the population planned for the area, additional water and power requirements, whether existing transformers are enough or need to be upgraded. Unless these are in place, the existing infrastructure is likely to collapse. They will also need to ensure that a balance is struck between the new and the old, says Professor PSN Rao, urban planner and head of housing department, School of Planning and Architecture.
The aim of this policy is to ensure a lighter load on infrastructure. The commercial footfalls are very large under this policy as these are located near metro stations, says Dr Anoop Kumar Mittal, CMD, NBCC.
The Metro carries at least 2.5 to 3 million passengers daily and densification of areas close to the Metro would make it more convenient for people to avail of the service, says Anuj Dayal of DMRC.