TOD BASICS

HT Estates - - HTESTATES - What is a TOD? How can it ad­dress en­vi­ron­men­tal issues? What are the es­sen­tial el­e­ments of a TOD? When is a TOD a TAD? When is a TOD a TOD – the litmus test?

It stands for tran­sit-ori­ented de­vel­op­ment and is pop­u­lar among plan­ners of cities that are de­pen­dent on private ve­hi­cles and suf­fer from large-scale ur­ban sprawl TODs have the po­ten­tial to ad­dress both en­vi­ron­men­tal and so­cial issues such as en­vi­ron­men­tal sus­tain­abil­ity and af­ford­able hous­ing It is pedes­trian-friendly, con­sists of a mix of res­i­den­tial and com­mer­cial, is within easy walk­ing dis­tance of a tran­sit sys­tem, fo­cuses on a high-qual­ity walk­ing en­vi­ron­ment Many times what has been la­belled as TOD lacks in tran­sit-fo­cused plan­ning and is ac­tu­ally a tran­sit aligned de­vel­op­ment. A TOD es­sen­tially needs to have qual­ity and di­verse hous­ing and a range of ameni­ties and a walk-to-work cul­ture

It is im­por­tant to note that there is no one-size-that-fit­sall TOD across the coun­try

It is a mix of uses that makes it pos­si­ble to get around with­out a car

Has a greater mix of hous­ing for­mats. There is di­ver­sity in hous­ing. There’s some­thing for ev­ery­body – the rich, the mid­dle class, the poor and the el­derly

An in­creased sense of com­mu­nity among res­i­dents

A de­vel­op­ment that pro­duces lower green­house gas emis­sions

Pro­motes walk­ing and bik­ing and more ac­tive life­styles

The car park­ing ra­tio of res­i­dents, shop­pers and com­muters is not gen­er­ous. A gen­uine TOD will dis­cour­age a higher ra­tio of park­ing

The em­pha­sis is on lo­cal em­ploy­ment, ser­vices and fa­cil­i­ties and the re­duced need to travel

Pub­lic trans­port re­duces the house­hold in­come spent on travel that in­di­rectly makes hous­ing more af­ford­able

Tran­sit Ori­ented De­vel­op­ments can be both brown­field (ex­ist­ing de­vel­op­ments that are re­de­vel­oped/ re­vi­talised par­tic­u­larly if lo­cated along tran­sit cor­ri­dors, rail cor­ri­dors, in­dus­trial lands) and green­field (newly ac­quired land parcels with new con­struc­tion) de­vel­op­ments

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