Di­a­betes leads to tooth de­cay, lower im­mu­nity lev­els: Doc

HT Ludhiana Live - - Education/tion/sports - HT Live Cor­re­spon­dent ludlivedesk@hin­dus­tan­times.com LUD­HI­ANA:

Di­a­betes, which is a con­di­tion of in­sulin de­fi­ciency and leads to in­crease in blood su­gar lev­els, ef­fects ad­versely not only all the vi­tal or­gans of the body but also the oral cav­ity.

“Di­a­betes leads to ar­te­rioscle­ro­sis ( clo­sure of blood ves­sels by fat de­po­si­tion) which leads to de­creased blood sup­ply to var­i­ous vi­tal or­gans of the body and tis­sues of the oral cav­ity. Since blood is es­sen­tial for sur­vival of var­i­ous tis­sues, de­crease in blood sup­ply leads to mal­func­tion­ing of the tis­sues”, said Dr Ga­gan Do­gra, den­tal con­sul­tant.

“In cases of un­con­trolled di­a­betes, dry­ing and crack­ing of oral mu­cosa, burn­ing sen­sa­tion and de­crease in Dr Do­gra.

He fur­ther said the most strik­ing fea­ture of di­a­betes was re­duc­tion in de­fense mech­a­nism of body and in­creased sus­cep­ti­bil­ity to in­fec­tions.

This means that if a di­a­betic pa­tient is not main­tain­ing a good oral hy­giene then he is more sus­cep­ti­ble to de­velop den­tal prob­lems com­pared to a nor­mal per­son.

Dr Ga­gan said if any den­tal sur­gi­cal pro­ce­dure, such as a tooth ex­trac­tion, was to be un­der­taken, then it was manda­tory to con­trol the blood su­gar lev­els.

The doc­tor told that If a di­a­betic pa­tient also hap­pens to be a chronic smoker or an al­col­hic, then heal­ing of tis­sues is fur­ther de­layed and sus­cep­ti­bil­ity to in­fec­tions is in­creased by many folds.

The pa­tients must in­form den­tist of their di­a­betic sta­tus.

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