Diabetes leads to tooth decay, lower immunity levels: Doc
Diabetes, which is a condition of insulin deficiency and leads to increase in blood sugar levels, effects adversely not only all the vital organs of the body but also the oral cavity.
“Diabetes leads to arteriosclerosis ( closure of blood vessels by fat deposition) which leads to decreased blood supply to various vital organs of the body and tissues of the oral cavity. Since blood is essential for survival of various tissues, decrease in blood supply leads to malfunctioning of the tissues”, said Dr Gagan Dogra, dental consultant.
“In cases of uncontrolled diabetes, drying and cracking of oral mucosa, burning sensation and decrease in Dr Dogra.
He further said the most striking feature of diabetes was reduction in defense mechanism of body and increased susceptibility to infections.
This means that if a diabetic patient is not maintaining a good oral hygiene then he is more susceptible to develop dental problems compared to a normal person.
Dr Gagan said if any dental surgical procedure, such as a tooth extraction, was to be undertaken, then it was mandatory to control the blood sugar levels.
The doctor told that If a diabetic patient also happens to be a chronic smoker or an alcolhic, then healing of tissues is further delayed and susceptibility to infections is increased by many folds.
The patients must inform dentist of their diabetic status.