In­dia Gets G20 Lead­ers to Is­sue Strong State­ment Against Ter­ror

India Strategic - - CONTENTS - By Nilova Roy Chaud­hury

NEW DELHI. The world has joined In­dia in con­demn­ing the July 10 Pak­istan-led ter­ror at­tacks in Jammu & Kash­mir in which eight pil­grims com­ing back from a holy Hindu shrine were killed and about 20 oth­ers in­jured. Rus­sia, France, US, UAE, Ger­many and nearly all the Euro­pean coun­tries con­demned it and ex­pressed con­cern at the ris­ing ter­ror vi­o­lence in In­dia’s north­ern state.

Ger­man Am­bas­sador Martin Ney, whose coun­try hosted the G20 sum­mit at Hamburg which con­cluded July 8, said, “As the G20 lead­ers just reaf­firmed in Hamburg, we are re­solved to tackle ter­ror­ism as a com­mon chal­lenge to the global com­mu­nity.”

In­dia was among the key movers of that state­ment on counter ter­ror­ism, which was is­sued on July 7 at Hamburg, af­ter the G20 lead­ers con­vened in a special in­for­mal ses­sion on coun­ter­ing ter­ror that lasted over three hours. Mr Arvind Pana­gariya, Deputy Chair­man of the NITI Aayog and In­dia’s ‘Sherpa’ (chief ne­go­tia­tor) at the G20, said that it was In­dia which strongly pitched for a sep­a­rate, stand­alone state­ment on ter­ror­ism.

Orig­i­nally, the plan was to put an an­nex­ure on counter ter­ror­ism to the fi­nal G20 joint state­ment but In­dia made a strong pitch for it be­ing a stand­alone doc­u­ment and in­sisted it be named as a Lead­ers’ State­ment, Pana­gariya said. Al­though Pak­istan was not named, the need to elim­i­nate “safe havens,” of­fi­cials said, was vin­di­ca­tion of In­dia’s strong pitch to try and dis­man­tle the in­fra­struc­ture of ter­ror in its im­me­di­ate neigh­bour­hood and the ne­ces­sity for closer co­op­er­a­tion to com­bat the ter­ror­ist menace.

It may be noted that Prime Min­is­ter Naren­dra Modi had force­fully em­pha­sised the as­pect of how ter­ror­ism was im­ped­ing eco­nomic growth and devel­op­ment, while he urged greater and closer col­lab­o­ra­tion to tackle the scourge at the ses­sion.

The reef knot logo of Ger­many’s G20 pres­i­dency sym­bol­ised this in­ter­con­nec­tion, of­fi­cials ex­plained. The in­ter­con­nected world is a chal­lenge for pol­icy mak­ers, but

also an op­por­tu­nity. Ger­many’s pres­i­dency has set it­self the am­bi­tious goal of shap­ing the world in co­op­er­a­tion with all G20 part­ners.

The Group of Twenty com­prises of 19 coun­tries and the Euro­pean Union. The coun­tries are Ar­gentina, Aus­tralia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Ger­many, In­dia, In­done­sia, Italy, Ja­pan, Mex­ico, Rus­sia, Saudi Ara­bia, South Africa, South Korea, Tur­key, the United King­dom and the United States of Amer­ica. The G20 is the main fo­rum for in­ter­na­tional co­op­er­a­tion among the 19 lead­ing in­dus­tri­alised na­tions and emerg­ing economies and the EU in the fields of fi­nance and eco­nom­ics.

For the G20, founded af­ter the 2008 global fi­nan­cial cri­sis as an or­gan­i­sa­tion of the world’s strong­est economies to chart a course for global macro-eco­nomic gov­er­nance, to adopt a strong, stand­alone state­ment against ter­ror­ism is in­dica­tive of how coun­tries have be­gun to ac­cept the havoc be­ing wreaked by this global menace, not just in hu­man terms, but also to eco­nomic devel­op­ment.

“We, Lead­ers of the G20, strongly con­demn all ter­ror­ist at­tacks world­wide and stand united and firm in the fight against ter­ror­ism and its fi­nanc­ing. Th­ese atro­cious acts have strength­ened our re­solve to co­op­er­ate to en­hance our se­cu­rity and pro­tect our cit­i­zens. Ter­ror­ism is a global scourge that must be fought and ter­ror­ist safe havens elim­i­nated in ev­ery part of the world,” the 21-para­graph tough state­ment be­gins.

Pledg­ing to “fa­cil­i­tate swift and tar­geted ex­changes of in­for­ma­tion be­tween in­tel­li­gence and law en­force­ment and ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties on op­er­a­tional in­for­ma­tion­shar­ing, pre­ven­tive mea­sures and crim­i­nal jus­tice re­sponse,” the lead­ers said they would “work to im­prove the ex­ist­ing in­ter­na­tional in­for­ma­tion ar­chi­tec­ture in the ar­eas of se­cu­rity, travel and mi­gra­tion.”

In keep­ing with the par­tic­u­lar do­main of the G20, the lead­ers re­solved “to make the in­ter­na­tional fi­nan­cial sys­tem en­tirely hos­tile to ter­ror­ist fi­nanc­ing and ....reaf­firm our com­mit­ment to tackle all sources, tech­niques and chan­nels of ter­ror­ist fi­nanc­ing.” Ad­vo­cat­ing the need for strong “mea­sures against the fi­nanc­ing of in­ter­na­tional ter­ror­ist or­gan­i­sa­tions in par­tic­u­lar ISIL/ISIS/Daesh, Al Qaida and their af­fil­i­ates,” the lead­ers af­firmed that “there should be no “safe spa­ces” for ter­ror­ist fi­nanc­ing any­where in the world,” while sup­port­ing the scope of the anti-ter­ror­ism Fi­nan­cial Ac­tion Task Force (FATF).

Em­pha­sis­ing the col­lab­o­ra­tive na­ture of the ex­er­cise, the lead­ers said, “Our coun­tert­er­ror­ism ac­tions must con­tinue to be part of a com­pre­hen­sive ap­proach, in­clud­ing com­bat­ing rad­i­cal­i­sa­tion and re­cruit­ment, ham­per­ing ter­ror­ist move­ments and coun­ter­ing ter­ror­ist pro­pa­ganda.”

Ex­cept for the cli­mate change is­sue, on which the United States was largely iso­lated and had a dif­fer­ent po­si­tion than oth­ers, Pana­gariya said there was a broad con­sen­sus on all other key is­sues among the G20 lead­ers, in­clud­ing on ways to re­vive global growth in an in­clu­sive man­ner. He was speak­ing to the me­dia af­ter the var­i­ous ses­sions of de­lib­er­a­tions among the lead­ers got over.

The lead­ers re­solved to make nec­es­sary quota re­forms and to en­sure bet­ter rep­re­sen­ta­tion of the emerg­ing economies in the in­ter­na­tional in­sti­tu­tional fi­nan­cial ar­chi­tec­ture, like the World Bank and IMF, Eco­nomic Af­fairs Sec­re­tary Ta­pan Ray said. In­ter­na­tional co­op­er­a­tion on fi­nan­cial mat­ters also got strong sup­port and In­dia strongly con­trib­uted in the ses­sion on this agenda, said

Ray, who led the In­dian team on the fi­nance track of the G20 pro­ceed­ings.

Lead­ers of the five BRICS na­tions (Brazil, Rus­sia, In­dia, China and South Africa) also held an in­for­mal meet­ing on the side­lines of the G20 Sum­mit in Hamburg. The meet­ing, hosted by Chi­nese Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping, the cur­rent chair of the or­gan­i­sa­tion, was a pre­cur­sor to the forth­com­ing BRICS Sum­mit in Septem­ber in Xi­a­men, China. In their in­ter­ven­tions, the lead­ers dis­cussed prepa­ra­tions and pri­or­i­ties for the forth­com­ing Xi­a­men Sum­mit.

For In­dia, the at­mo­spher­ics be­tween Pres­i­dent Xi and Prime Min­is­ter Modi was im­por­tant, given the on­go­ing mil­i­tary stand­off be­tween the two coun­tries in the Dok­lam area at the bor­der be­tween Sikkim and Bhutan.

Prime Min­is­ter Modi said that BRICS has been a strong voice and needs to show lead­er­ship on ter­ror­ism and the global econ­omy. He stressed that the G20 should col­lec­tively op­pose ter­ror­ism fi­nanc­ing, fran­chises, safe havens, sup­port and spon­sors. Pres­i­dent Xi praised In­dia’s com­mit­ment to BRICS and how it had steered the group dur­ing the past year as the Chair.

The two lead­ers also met di­rectly in a “pull aside” af­ter the July 8 BRICS meet­ing, dur­ing which they “dis­cussed a wide range of is­sues,” MEA spokesman Gopal Baglay said, al­though he de­clined to di­vulge whether the Dok­lam sit­u­a­tion had been dis­cussed.

Mr Modi also held bi­lat­eral dis­cus­sions with a host of lead­ers present, in­clud­ing Pres­i­dent Moon Jae-in of South Korea and the Prime Min­is­ters of Italy, Nor­way, Canada, Viet­nam, Bri­tain and Ja­pan, among oth­ers.

(Clock­wise from top right) Prime Min­is­ter Naren­dra Modi in the Pho­to­graph with other Lead­ers of G20 Na­tions, at Hamburg, Ger­many; Mr Modi with Mr Trump and other lead­ers dur­ing the sum­mit meet­ing; PM Modi, Ger­man Chan­cel­lor An­gela Merkel and French Pres­i­dent Em­manuel Macron in a dis­cus­sion ahead of a work­ing ses­sion

(Clock­wise from left page) Mr Modi at the Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 12th G20 Sum­mit; PM Modi in bi­lat­eral meet­ing with Ja­panese Prime Min­is­ter Shinzo Abe; Mr Modi with the PM of Sin­ga­pore Lee Hsien Loong; Mr Modi with Prime Min­is­ter of Canada Justin Trudeau

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