STRUGGLE FOR DAILY BREAD
It’s back-breaking labour for two square meals and a roof over their head. Rs 30,000 is the cost of production of cotton per acre. Banks give a loan of just Rs 10,000 per acre. The farmer spends Rs 20,000 from his own pocket, or through private loans. During a good monsoon, a farmer produces 15 quintals on an acre which fetches a price of Rs 30,000. Nothing to take home. WORK ROUND THE CLOCK 5 a.m. Women are the first to wake up 6 a.m. Morning tea with biscuits 7 a.m. Household chores 8 a.m. Farm work starts
11 a.m. First meal of the day
6-6.30 p.m. Wraps up farm work
7-8 p.m. Household chores
8-9 p.m. Last meal of the day
9-10 p.m. Last to go to bed BARE BONES BUDGET Farming on 3 acres of land generates Rs 2,500-3,000 a month. To supplement income, women work on other people’s farms at Rs 100/day. Food expenses amount to Rs 1,500 for a family of three a month.
BIG COSTS Pair of bullocks and just one labourer costs Rs 500 a day. New hybrid seeds cost Rs 250 for every 450 gram. Expensive chemical fertilisers cost Rs 960 per bag of 50 kg.