THAT TASTES SOUR
For decades, diabetes has been the Rich Man’s Burden. No longer. Two studies bust some myths and sum up new realities.
Dr V. Mohan, chairman of the Diabetes Specialities Centre and the man who started the ‘diabetes movement’in Chennai, has just brought out two major studies. Together they determine exactly how far diabetes has spread in the country, in what form and who the victims are.
The study that was carried out in four regions (Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Jharkhand and Chandigarh) on a sample of 16,607 people shows that age, male sex, family history of diabetes, urban residence, obesity, hypertension and income status are significant factors.
The other study, Chennai Urban Population Study or CUPS, has been done on two residential colonies in Chennai representing middle income ( MIG) and lower income groups ( LIG). The MIG, with twice as many suffering from diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity and high cholesterol, has been motivated to raise its physical activity. The LIG has been under standard lifestyle advice. After 10 years, it has been found that while diabetes rate rose slightly among the MIG, from 12-15%, in the LIG it zoomed from 6.5 to 15%. In obesity, hypertension and other disorders, too, the LIG now matches the MIG. The two studies help to bust the old myths about diabetes.
Source: Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes (ICMR–INDIAB) study. R. M. Anjana et al, Diabetologia, 2011. Convergence of Prevalence Rates of Diabetes …10-Year Follow-up of the Chennai Urban Population Study. Mohan Deepa et al, Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, 2011.