For decades, di­a­betes has been the Rich Man’s Bur­den. No longer. Two stud­ies bust some myths and sum up new re­al­i­ties.

India Today - - LIVING -

Dr V. Mo­han, chair­man of the Di­a­betes Spe­cial­i­ties Cen­tre and the man who started the ‘di­a­betes move­ment’in Chen­nai, has just brought out two ma­jor stud­ies. To­gether they de­ter­mine ex­actly how far di­a­betes has spread in the coun­try, in what form and who the vic­tims are.

The study that was car­ried out in four re­gions (Tamil Nadu, Ma­ha­rash­tra, Jhark­hand and Chandi­garh) on a sam­ple of 16,607 peo­ple shows that age, male sex, fam­ily his­tory of di­a­betes, ur­ban res­i­dence, obe­sity, hy­per­ten­sion and in­come sta­tus are sig­nif­i­cant fac­tors.

The other study, Chen­nai Ur­ban Pop­u­la­tion Study or CUPS, has been done on two res­i­den­tial colonies in Chen­nai rep­re­sent­ing mid­dle in­come ( MIG) and lower in­come groups ( LIG). The MIG, with twice as many suf­fer­ing from di­a­betes, high blood pres­sure, obe­sity and high choles­terol, has been mo­ti­vated to raise its phys­i­cal ac­tiv­ity. The LIG has been un­der stan­dard life­style ad­vice. Af­ter 10 years, it has been found that while di­a­betes rate rose slightly among the MIG, from 12-15%, in the LIG it zoomed from 6.5 to 15%. In obe­sity, hy­per­ten­sion and other dis­or­ders, too, the LIG now matches the MIG. The two stud­ies help to bust the old myths about di­a­betes.

Source: Preva­lence of di­a­betes and pre­di­a­betes (ICMR–INDIAB) study. R. M. An­jana et al, Di­a­betolo­gia, 2011. Con­ver­gence of Preva­lence Rates of Di­a­betes …10-Year Fol­low-up of the Chen­nai Ur­ban Pop­u­la­tion Study. Mo­han Deepa et al, Jour­nal of Di­a­betes Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy, 2011.

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