Chem­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing of­fers am­ple em­ploy­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties, across sec­tors

India Today - - CIVIL - By Humra Afroz

With great ex­pan­sion of sci­en­tific knowl­edge, the ap­pli­ca­tion of sci­ence, par­tic­u­larly chem­istry, to de­velop tech­nol­ogy has in­creased tremen­dously. This has fur­ther aug­mented the pro­fes­sion of chem­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing, mak­ing it highly as­pired- for to­day.

One of the most di­verse branches in the field, chem­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing ranges from biotech­nol­ogy and nan­otech­nol­ogy to min­eral pro­cess­ing, and cov­ers dif­fer­ent seg­ments of chem­i­cal tech­nol­ogy in min­eral based in­dus­tries, petro­chem­i­cal plants, phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals, and petroleum re­fin­ing plants

The work of chem­i­cal engineers, be­ing a com­bi­na­tion of sev­eral ar­eas such as those of chemists, in­dus­trial engineers, ma­te­ri­als engineers and elec­tri­cal engineers is, thus, seen as the most ver­sa­tile of all engineers.

Some of the key re­spon­si­bil­i­ties of a chem­i­cal en­gi­neer in­volve de­sign­ing, su­per­vi­sion, con­struc­tion, in­stal­la­tion, op­er­a­tion and main­te­nance of plants and equip­ments for man­u­fac­tur­ing chem­i­cal prod­ucts, as well as gaug­ing prob­lems and im­prov­ing the meth­ods of pro­duc­tion. They also deal with ex­tract- ing chem­i­cals from waste ma­te­ri­als, de­vel­op­ing chem­i­cal pro­cesses to con­vert raw ma­te­ri­als or chem­i­cals into valu­able forms, evolv­ing syn­thetic prod­ucts to re­place de­plet­ing nat­u­ral re­sources and solv­ing other en­vi­ron­men­tal prob­lems such as waste and water treat­ment and en­ergy con­ser­va­tion. Chem­i­cal engineers also play an im­por­tant role in the avail­abil­ity of mod­ern high- qual­ity ma­te­ri­als that are es­sen­tial for run­ning an in­dus­trial econ­omy.

The ba­sic el­i­gi­bil­ity cri­te­ria to get ad­mit­ted into BE/ B. Tech in chem­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing is 10+ 2 or an equiv­a­lent ex­am­i­na­tion, with physics, chem­istry and math­e­mat­ics. There are both de­gree as well as diploma cour­ses for chem­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing. One can opt for the three year diploma course af­ter the 10th stan­dard ( SSC), or go for a four year BE or B. Tech, se­lec­tion into which is made on the ba­sis of marks se­cured in 10+ 2 exam and marks se­cured in Joint En­trance Exam ( JEE) con­ducted by the IITS or All In­dia En­gi­neer­ing En­trance Exam ( AIEEE) or other state and na­tional level ex­ams.

There are wide em­ploy­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties for chem­i­cal engineers both in public sec­tor as well as pri­vate sec­tor. Along with lu­cra­tive em­ploy­ment op­tions in ar­eas such as man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­tries, food pro­cess­ing in­dus­tries and chem­i­cal process in­dus­tries such as fer­til­izer, pes­ti­cides, spe­cialty chem­i­cals, dyes, paints and lubri­cants and more, the engineers in this branch are also sought for re­search on al­ter­nate en­ergy sources, de­fense es­tab­lish­ments and atomic power plants.

With a huge scope of growth, ow­ing to the in­dus­trial ex­pan­sion and the re­lated scarcity of re­sources needed, chem­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing is poised to be an im­mensely ful­fill­ing ca­reer choice, not just men­tally and in­tel­lec­tu­ally, but pe­cu­niar­ily as well, the de­mand for pro­fes­sion­als in the field be­ing an in­di­ca­tion of the pros­per­ous times ahead.

HE­MANT CHAWLA / www. in­di­a­to­day­im­ages. com

‘ Univer­sal’ or chem­i­cal engineers posess broad sci­en­tific and tech­ni­cal mas­tery

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