OVER THE YEARS
Method to sequence DNA starts. Makes it possible to identify and target mutated genes and DNA abnormalities that cause cancer.
Michael Bishop and Harold Varmus discover oncogenes, which can transform a normal cell into a malignant one.
Identification of tumour suppressor gene. It protects a cell from cancer but when it does not work properly, cells can grow out of control.
Scientist Steven Rosenberg makes first successful attempt to treat cancer patients by inserting potent anti- tumour genes into their blood.
Neuroscientist Craig Venter sequences first full human genome.
Genetic testing becomes an important therapeutic tool. Over 2,500 tests are available, preventing cancer is one such tool.