India Today - - ANTIQUE -

The ear­li­est sur­viv­ing pile car­pet dates to 5th century BC, the fa­mous Pazyryk car­pet Ori­en­tal car­pets get their names from the cities or ar­eas where they are wo­ven Car­pet weav­ing in In­dia be­gan un­der the rule of the Mughal Em­peror Ak­bar (r.1558-1605) The dif­fer­ence be­tween a car­pet and a kilim is the na­ture of their con­struc­tion. Car­pets are hand-knot­ted to cre­ate a soft pile whereas kil­ims are flat­wo­ven so, like ta­pes­try, they have a flat sur­face rather than pile. On aver­age, to weave a small Per­sian car­pet 9'x12', that is 9 knots per square cm, would take 4-5 weavers work­ing 6 hours a day 6 days a week over a year to com­plete.

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