ERA of COASTAL SPLIT OF CON­TAINER THROUGH­PUT IN IN­DIA trans­for­ma­tion

Maritime Gateway - - India Container Market Report 2017 -

In­dian con­tainer mar­ket is at­tract­ing huge in­vest­ments for ca­pac­ity build­ing. Box busi­ness dy­nam­ics are rapidly trans­form­ing into new era that em­brace ad­vanced in­fra­struc­ture, digi­ti­sa­tion, in­no­va­tive busi­ness prac­tices, process au­toma­tion and trans­parency.

As per In­dian con­tainer mar­ket trend over the last few years, in­stalled ca­pac­i­ties and han­dled vol­ume have been grow­ing pro­por­tion­ately show­ing a pos­i­tive sign for the in­dus­try apart from achiev­ing best ca­pac­ity util­i­sa­tion lev­els of al­most 65 per cent. To­tal In­dian con­tainer ter­mi­nals in­stalled ca­pac­ity and through­put have grown 11 per cent each re­spec­tively. Global and In­dian op­er­a­tors are try­ing to at­tract tran­ship­ment cargo which could trig­ger in­clu­sive growth in box trade. Few ma­jor and pri­vate play­ers are also try­ing hard to es­tab­lish them­selves as tran­ship­ment hubs apart from serv­ing as Gate­way Port. This trans­for­ma­tional change in box busi­ness is aid­ing In­dian con­tainer mar­ket to reach the next level in In­dian ship­ping busi­ness.

For the first time in In­dian ship­ping in­dus­try, Gate­way Me­dia Pvt Ltd and Drewry have tried to an­a­lyse and present In­dian con­tainer ter­mi­nal mar­ket by op­er­a­tor. Global and In­dian Op­er­a­tors are one of the key stake­hold­ers of the in­dus­try, aim­ing high with their big ticket in­vest­ments in In­dia for the bet­ter­ment of the in­dus­try in spite of in­dus­try head­winds. In this re­port, to­tal In­dian through­put is seg­re­gated by each op­er­a­tor as per their eq­uity share in the ter­mi­nal. Thus, could de­rive the ex­act pic­ture of each op­er­a­tor share in In­dian to­tal through­put.

DP World In­dia, APSEZ Ltd, APM Ter­mi­nals In­dia, JNPT, PSA In­ter­na­tional and MSC In­dia Pvt Ltd con­trib­uted around 90 per cent of the through­put as per their eq­uity share in In­dian con­tainer ter­mi­nals. The rest is shared among other play­ers like JM Baxi, KPCL, CMA CGM Ter­mi­nals, ABG In­fra Lo­gis­tics and Bol­lore Africa Lo­gis­tics. DP World

DP world port­fo­lio com­prises of 78 marine and in­land ter­mi­nals along with around 50 re­lated busi­nesses in 40 coun­tries across six con­ti­nents with a sig­nif­i­cant pres­ence in both high-growth and ma­ture mar­kets. Con­tainer han­dling is the com­pany’s core busi­ness and gen­er­ates more than three quar­ters of its rev­enue. In 2016, DP World han­dled around 64 mil­lion teu across its global port­fo­lio. With its com­mit­ted pipe­line of de­vel­op­ments and ex­pan­sions, the cur­rent global gross ca­pac­ity of 84.6 mil­lion teu is ex­pected to rise to more than 100 mil­lion teu by 2020, in line with mar­ket de­mand.

Dubai gov­ern­ment owned DP World is cur­rently the big­gest for­eign port op­er­a­tor in In­dia, re­ported 3.5 mil­lion teu as per their eq­uity share­hold­ing in In­dian port­fo­lio of ter­mi­nals in FY 2016-17 while cap­tur­ing 30 per cent share in In­dian to­tal through­put. DP world is run­ning six con­tainer ter­mi­nals in In­dian ports in al­most all big­gest ma­jor con­tainer ports across In­dian coast such as Mun­dra, Jawa­har­lal Nehru Port (two fa­cil­i­ties), Cochin, Chen­nai and Visakhapatnam. One of the ma­jor con­trib­u­tor, Mun­dra In­ter­na­tional Con­tainer Ter­mi­nal has reg­is­tered a growth of 18 per cent year over year in FY 2016-17.

These six ter­mi­nals have a com­bined mar­ket share of about 30 per cent of the 13.5 mil­lion teu han­dled by In­dian ports dur­ing 2016-17. DP World is seek­ing op­por­tu­ni­ties in the coun­try worth over $1 bil­lion in the next few years. This will be aimed at de­vel­op­ment of port in­fra­struc­ture of the Sa­gar­mala project, cre­ation of the Delhi – Mumbai

In­dus­trial Cor­ri­dor, river trans­porta­tion and cold chain stor­age, in­vest­ing in port-led spe­cial eco­nomic zones, free trade zones, ICDS and cruise ter­mi­nals.

APSEZ ltd

APSEZ Ltd is the only ma­jor In­dian op­er­a­tor among other op­er­a­tors in In­dia with high­est port­fo­lio of own­ing and op­er­at­ing ports and ter­mi­nals across In­dian Coast. APSEZ has their pres­ence in al­most all coastal states of In­dia. Al­most around 30 per cent of Adani’s port­fo­lio is box busi­ness in its port­fo­lio of di­ver­si­fied cargo types han­dled. In In­dia, Adani is own­ing and op­er­at­ing 5 con­tainer ter­mi­nals and 4 new ter­mi­nals are in the anvil at Dhamra, En­nore, Mor­mu­gao along with one tran­ship­ment ter­mi­nal at Vizhin­jam. Adani to­tal con­tainer ter­mi­nals through­put by eq­uity share is ac­count­ing around 20 per cent of the In­dian to­tal through­put, ranked 1st big­gest In­dian op­er­a­tor.

Joint ven­ture of Ter­mi­nal In­vest­ment Ltd (MSC) and APSEZ Ltd, Adani In­ter­na­tional Con­tainer Ter­mi­nal han­dled 1,160,000 teu in FY 2016-17 with a year over year growth of 8 per cent, another joint ven­ture fa­cil­ity of CMA CGM ter­mi­nals and APSEZ Ltd is Adani CMA CGM Mun­dra Ter­mi­nal reg­is­tered one of the high­est first year through­put of 276,630 teu and in con­trary, Adani 100 per cent owned ter­mi­nal has reg­is­tered a neg­a­tive growth of 9 per cent in the same pe­riod. Adani Kat­tupalli con­tainer Ter­mi­nal has reg­is­tered around 200 per cent growth and Adani Hazira con­tainer ter­mi­nal wit­nessed 37 per cent year over year growth in FY 2016-17.

APM Ter­mi­nals

APM Ter­mi­nal's is one of the largest con­tainer ter­mi­nal op­er­a­tors in the world, of­fers the global ship­ping com­mu­nity an in­te­grated Global Ter­mi­nal Net­work of 56 ports and 154 in­land fa­cil­i­ties in 63 coun­tries. With a pres­ence in ev­ery ma­jor mar­ket, APM Ter­mi­nals serves all ma­jor trade lanes pro­vid­ing wide clien­tele with the most ad­vanced ter­mi­nal tech­nol­ogy, equip­ment and op­er­a­tions in the in­dus­try.

APM ter­mi­nal's In­dian port­fo­lio con­sists of two ter­mi­nals in In­dia, cur­rently - In­dia's largest and most suc­cess­ful con­tainer ter­mi­nal, APM Ter­mi­nals Mumbai (ear­lier known as Gate­way Ter­mi­nals In­dia), in JNPT at Nhava Sheva, Mumbai; and Port Pi­pavav in Gu­jarat. APM ter­mi­nal's to­tal in­stalled ca­pac­ity is 3.15 mil­lion teu where in to­tal through­put share by eq­uity hold­ing is 1.61mil­lion teu in FY 2016-17.

APM ter­mi­nals Mumbai and Pi­pavav clocked high­est through­put in its his­tory in the FY 2014-15 es­pe­cially APM ter­mi­nals Mumbai vol­ume touched the high­est ever han­dled by a sin­gle con­tainer ter­mi­nal of 2.01 mil­lion teu in the In­dian ship­ping in­dus­try, since af­ter the two ter­mi­nals fall a prey to the neg­a­tive growth trend till this year. In ad­di­tion, Global cy­ber-at­tack, ran­somware hit the APM ter­mi­nals op­er­a­tions across the globe that could fur­ther pull down the growth of the ter­mi­nals in the cur­rent year. Not­with­stand­ing to its down­fall, still APM ter­mi­nals Mumbai has reg­is­tered a high­est through­put han­dled by a sin­gle ter­mi­nal in In­dia of 1.7 mil­lion teus in FY 2016-17.

JNPT

Jawa­har­lal Nehru Port Trust owned and op­er­ated Jawa­har­lal Nehru Port Con­tainer Ter­mi­nal has wit­nessed a pos­i­tive year over year growth of 10 per cent in FY 201617. JNPT as an op­er­a­tor has con­trib­uted 13 per cent of through­put by eq­uity share hold­ing to the to­tal vol­ume han­dled in In­dia. JNPT'S trans­for­ma­tional changes and adapt­abil­ity to the new tech­nol­ogy and en­hance­ment of port in­fra­struc­ture in­ten­si­fied the op­er­a­tions across its con­tainer ter­mi­nal to record one of the high­est through­put in In­dia. Still many pro­gres­sive plans are in progress for the bet­ter­ment of the port and ter­mi­nal to ease the con­ges­tion is­sues for the speedy evac­u­a­tion of cargo apart from stream­lin­ing the op­er­a­tional pro­cesses.

PSA In­ter­na­tional

PSA In­ter­na­tional is ey­ing to in­crease its dom­i­nance in In­dian con­tainer mar­ket with slew of mea­sures un­der­taken while adding new ser­vices and also with its high in­vest­ments by adding fur­ther ca­pac­i­ties across In­dian coast. PSA’S po­si­tion in In­dia will be beefed up fur­ther when

Phase 1 of the Bharat Mumbai Con­tainer Ter­mi­nal in Jawa­har­lal Nehru Port be­comes op­er­a­tional in FY 2017-18.

In In­dia, PSA achieved eq­uity through­put of more than 1.15 mil­lion teu and gar­nered 5th po­si­tion among other op­er­a­tors in In­dia. In the last fis­cal 2016-17, PSA’S Chen­nai In­ter­na­tional Ter­mi­nal clocked around 21 per cent of im­pres­sive growth rate year over year, while reg­is­ter­ing through­put of around 0.85 mil­lion teu in FY 2016-17. In ad­di­tion, its Bharat Kolkata Con­tainer Ter­mi­nal achieved an uptick of 10 per cent growth rate, and its Tu­ti­corin Con­tainer Ter­mi­nal wit­nessed 5per cent growth year over year with 0.53 mil­lion teu in FY 2016-17.

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