Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment at ports

Ports have the moral re­spon­si­bil­ity to­wards the planet, to sus­tain its car­ry­ing ca­pac­ity, while achiev­ing their eco­nomic tar­gets. Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port is a shin­ing ex­am­ple of a port bal­anc­ing its en­vi­ron­men­tal re­spon­si­bil­i­ties with eco­nomic ob­jec­tives

Maritime Gateway - - Contents - Anil Yend­luri, CEO & Direc­tor Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port Com­pany Lim­ited

Ports have the moral re­spon­si­bil­ity to­wards the planet, to sus­tain its car­ry­ing ca­pac­ity, while achiev­ing their eco­nomic tar­gets. Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port is a shin­ing ex­am­ple of a port bal­anc­ing its en­vi­ron­men­tal re­spon­si­bil­i­ties with eco­nomic ob­jec­tives.

The idea of sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment as a con­cept, dates back to 20th cen­tury in the era of in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion. As the first ev­i­dences of en­vi­ron­men­tal cri­sis started, the con­sen­sus that, eco­nomic growth can­not be achieved in­def­i­nitely with the ex­ist­ing uti­liza­tion pat­tern, started to arise among the global com­mu­ni­ties. It cul­mi­nated in UN Con­fer­ence on the Hu­man en­vi­ron­ment in 1972 as the con­cept of sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment. This con­cept sug­gests that it is pos­si­ble to achieve eco­nomic growth and in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion without en­vi­ron­men­tal dam­age.

Over the decades, the def­i­ni­tion of sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment evolved. It is de­fined as “the de­vel­op­ment that meets the needs of the present without com­pro­mis­ing the abil­ity of fu­ture gen­er­a­tions to meet their own needs”. This ad­dresses two fun­da­men­tal issues – the need of eco­nomic growth to al­le­vi­ate poverty and the prob­lems of en­vi­ron­men­tal degra­da­tion that ac­com­pany eco­nomic growth. So, this con­cept has three di­men­sions: So­cial de­vel­op­ment, Eco­nomic growth and En­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion – that holis­ti­cally en­sures a good qual­ity of life to ev­ery­one.

Why sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment is needed at ports?

De­vel­op­ment of ports and their as­so­ci­ated op­er­a­tions con­trib­ute sig­nif­i­cantly to in­ter­na­tional trade, eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of the coun­tries and di­rect & in­di­rect em­ploy­ment in the re­gion. How­ever, there are nu­mer­ous chal­lenges to ports – they must rec­on­cile com­mer­cial and so­cial ob­jec­tives, be com­pli­ant to en­vi­ron­men­tal laws, with­stand en­vi­ron­men­tal risks, etc. Given these chal­lenges, in­te­grat­ing the con­cept of sus­tain­abil­ity in all its poli­cies like, port de­sign­ing, in­fra­struc­ture plan­ning, busi­ness mod­els, in­vest­ment de­ci­sions, CSR ac­tiv­i­ties etc., can help to un­leash the po­ten­tial of a port to con­trib­ute to the na­tion’s de­vel­op­ment without com­pro­mis­ing on eco­log­i­cal and so­cial ob­jec­tives. Glob­ally, many ports have started to in­cor­po­rate the con­cept of sus­tain­abil­ity in their vi­sion and mis­sion. For ex­am­ple,

1. Euro­pean Ports came up with an ini­tia­tive of “Eco­ports” un­der Euro­pean Sea Ports Or­gan­i­sa­tion, in or­der to raise aware­ness on en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion at ports. They fol­low the mech­a­nisms like Self Di­ag­no­sis Method, that can en­able port man­agers to self-as­sess en­vi­ron­men­tal man­age­ment pro­gramme and port en­vi­ron­men­tal re­view sys­tem, that come up with port spe­cific en­vi­ron­ment man­age­ment stan­dards. They also fol­low en­vi­ron­men­tally dif­fer­en­ti­ated charges for ves­sels. 2. Sin­ga­pore Port Author­ity's “Next Gen­er­a­tion Port 2030” vi­sion em­braces au­to­ma­tion, digi­ti­sa­tion and Ar­ti­fi­cial In­tel­li­gence to make Port smart and green.

3. Rot­ter­dam Port Author­i­ties have in­cor­po­rated the vi­sion of

Paris Agree­ment into their en­ergy sys­tems plan­ning like, uti­liza­tion of resid­ual heat from port and sur­round­ing in­dus­tries for en­ergy needs, car­bon cap­ture and stor­age tech­nolo­gies etc.

In the In­dian Sce­nario, we have to en­grain this sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment into our eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment mod­els. Here there is a case study, of how Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port on the east coast of In­dia has been grow­ing at un­prece­dented growth rates of around 25 per cent through its sus­tain­abil­ity vi­sion.

Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port en­vi­sioned to be­come the most sus­tain­able port in the coun­try. The Port author­i­ties have cre­ated an or­gan­i­sa­tional eco-sys­tem to con­front the issues of cli­mate change and re­source scarcity by look­ing at sus­tain­abil­ity per­spec­tive of the port op­er­a­tions. It adopted clear strate­gies in three di­men­sions: Eco­nomic di­men­sion:

1. In­fra­struc­ture plan­ning: Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port en­sures that its in­fra­struc­ture must aim for ef­fi­cient op­er­a­tions with faster turn-around­time and min­i­mal wastage. coal con­veyor sys­tem, ed­i­ble oil pipe­lines, cargo-wise ded­i­cated rail­way sid­ings, state of the art equip­ment like Lieb­herr, Gottwald, RTGS, crawlers, au­to­mated fer­til­izer bag­ging sys­tems, etc., are de­ployed to en­sure en­ergy ef­fi­ciency, ra­tio­nal

hu­man re­source uti­liza­tion, and eco­nomic vi­a­bil­ity of the port. 2. Stake­hold­ers en­gage­ment:

Port in­volves its dif­fer­ent stake­hold­ers like cus­tomers, em­ploy­ees, cus­toms, lo­cal res­i­dents and govt in many of its de­ci­sions. This helps to plan port op­er­a­tions and fu­ture ex­pan­sion by look­ing at all of their per­spec­tives.

3. Cus­tomer-cen­tric Busi­ness model: Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port be­lieves that cus­tomer em­pow­er­ment is very im­por­tant for the eco­nomic sus­tain­abil­ity of the port. Var­i­ous strate­gies like sin­gle-win­dow clear­ance sys­tem, 24/7 cus­tomer sup­port,

ICT tech­nolo­gies like Kyte con­trol to en­able cus­tomer to track their ship­ments, real-time pric­ing method­olo­gies, green chan­nel strat­egy to ar­rive at truck turn-around time of 1.5 hours that en­sures time ef­fi­ciency, au­to­mated in­fra­struc­ture to ef­fi­ciently han­dle cargo, non-dis­clo­sure agree­ments to en­sure cus­tomer pri­vacy, etc., put the cus­tomer at the cen­tre of busi­ness model.

So­cial Di­men­sion:

1. In­clu­sive growth:

Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port is aim­ing to build an eco-sys­tem around the port with ev­ery one ben­e­fit­ing from this sys­tem and all work­ing to­gether for sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment of the port. Its CSR ac­tiv­i­ties in­clude:

a) Ed­u­ca­tion: Pro­vid­ing free english medium ed­u­ca­tion to the poor chil­dren of the sur­round­ing vil­lages, World-class board­ing school for mer­i­to­ri­ous poor chil­dren, free evening tu­itions for govt school chil­dren, schol­ar­ships for higher ed­u­ca­tion, spon­sor­ships to sport­ing tal­ents etc. b) Health: Free pri­mary health cen­tres for the poor peo­ple in the sur­round­ing re­gion, pe­ri­odic health camps, mo­bile-health units, homeo-clin­ics, den­tal clin­ics, free medicines for em­ploy­ees. c) Nu­tri­tion: Pro­vid­ing free food to em­ploy­ees, mid-day meals for school chil­dren, set­ting up RO plants.

d) Skill de­vel­op­ment: Skilling in the ar­eas of se­cu­rity, fire fight­ing, driv­ing, weld­ing, so­lar in­stal­la­tions, crane op­er­a­tions. and spe­cific train­ing for women in tai­lor­ing, hos­pi­tal­ity, bou­quet mak­ing, kitchen main­te­nance. e) Em­ployee en­gage­ment: Pe­ri­odic skilling, re­ju­ve­na­tion ac­tiv­i­ties, ca­reer de­vel­op­ment pro­grammes, en­hanc­ing soft skills etc. f) Com­mu­nity De­vel­op­ment: Ren­o­va­tion of cul­tural cen­ters, schools; de­vel­op­ment of parks and roads; ex­tend­ing hand dur­ing nat­u­ral dis­as­ters; etc.

2. Align­ment with govt’s so­cial ob­jec­tives: Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port part­ners with govt schemes like Swachh Bharat, Sa­gar­mala, Kaushal Vikas yo­jana, Start up In­dia, Stand up In­dia, Dig­i­tal In­dia, Prad­han mantri Ujjwala yo­jana etc.

En­vi­ron­men­tal Di­men­sion:

Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port is en­vi­sioned to be­come a “Gar­den Port”. It rightly iden­ti­fied that green­ing its op­er­a­tions can re­in­force its eco­nomic and so­cial sus­tain­abil­ity. So, en­vi­ron­men­tal con­scious­ness is not a bou­tique thing for them, but it’s one of the core ac­tiv­i­ties of their ev­ery busi­ness de­ci­sion. 1. Bio­di­ver­sity and con­ser­va­tion: Port’s vi­sion went be­yond the le­gal com­pli­ances to pro­tect coastal eco-sys­tem. It knows that pre­serv­ing man­groves and lo­cal bio-di­ver­sity can act as hedge against any cli­mate-re­lated risks in fu­ture. So, they de­vel­oped more than 50 hectares of man­groves and planted lo­cal spe­cific saplings of more than 3.5 mil­lion. This green belt has re­duced the lo­cal tem­per­a­ture by about 2-3°C, that broke the be­lief of rise in tem­per­a­tures due to in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion. 2. Wa­ter Man­age­ment: Wa­ter re­sources are fi­nite and hence have to be uti­lized in a care­ful man­ner. Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port has pol­icy on wa­ter man­age­ment and thereby ful­fil all its re­quire­ments through Smart, Wise and Green acts. a) Smart: De­ployed tech­nolo­gies like Atomiz­ers to re­duce wa­ter con­sump­tion for dust sup­pres­sion, vac­uum based dust sweep­ing sys­tems.

b) Wise: Re­cy­cled wa­ter is used for green belt de­vel­op­ment, storm wa­ter is used for dust sup­pres­sion, used wa­ter from Garage truck wash is used for road wet­ting. c) Green: Al­most 41 per cent of rain wa­ter is pre­served through rain wa­ter har­vest­ing ponds.

3. Waste man­age­ment: There are sewage treat­ment plants to recycle about 14 per cent of used wa­ter. 4. En­ergy emis­sions: To avoid emis­sions from in­ter-cart­ing, coal con­veyor belts, ed­i­ble oil pipe­lines, rail­way sid­ings till stor­age yards, elec­tri­fied rail­way lines, elec­tri­fied cranes etc. are de­ployed. 5. En­vi­ron­men­tal Con­scious­ness: Port con­ducts a yearly pro­gramme of “Van Ma­hot­sav” and makes em­ploy­ees to plant saplings and take care of them.

6. Green Mous: En­vi­ron­ment (EHS) dept at port signs MOU with other depart­ments for im­ple­ment­ing safety mea­sures and en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion.

Hence, Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port is stand­ing as a good ex­am­ple of sus­tain­ing con­sis­tent eco­nomic growth by in­te­grat­ing their en­vi­ron­men­tal and so­cial ob­jec­tives with the busi­ness ob­jec­tives.

About the Author

Anil Yend­luri (IPS) is the Direc­tor and CEO of Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port Com­pany Ltd. Un­der his able lead­er­ship Kr­ish­na­p­at­nam Port has been show­ing tremen­dous de­vel­op­ments and is in­stru­men­tal in cre­at­ing new records, win­ning awards and ac­co­lades. Mr Yend­luri ear­lier is his ca­reer served as Addl. SP at Kot­tayam, Kol­lam, Kerela; SP, Palakkad, Kan­nur, Thris­sur; Com­mis­sioner of Po­lice, Kozhikode, Kochi, Er­naku­lam; DIG and IG of Ker­ala. He also served as SP, CBI at New Delhi, Visakha­p­at­nam. He has been de­puted to UN Mis­sion in Bos­nia & Herze­gov­ina.

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