MOV­ING SEA TRADE WITH GREEN POWER

Nor­way is spear­head­ing in de­vel­op­ing green tech­nolo­gies for the mar­itime sec­tor and has im­ple­mented sev­eral ini­tia­tives to save the oceans. HE Nils Rag­nar Kamsvåg – Am­bas­sador of Nor­way to In­dia, elab­o­rates on the pos­si­ble col­lab­o­ra­tion be­tween the two co

Maritime Gateway - - Contents - Vi­jay Ku­rup

HE NILS RAG­NAR KAMSVÅG AM­BAS­SADOR OF NOR­WAY TO IN­DIA

Q Nor­way is plan­ning to col­lab­o­rate on elec­tri­fi­ca­tion of ports in Gu­jarat us­ing re­new­able en­ergy. What would be the en­ergy source - so­lar, wind or tidal?

A Nor­way is work­ing on en­vi­ron­men­tally sus­tain­able and pol­lu­tion-free port op­er­a­tions. Most of the elec­tric­ity in Nor­way is gen­er­ated through hy­dropower and there are also com­pa­nies that have de­vel­oped tech­nol­ogy for off­shore wind power.

We see good po­ten­tial for these tech­nolo­gies in In­dia. The Sa­gar­mala pro­gramme can be an ex­cel­lent plat­form for this. An im­por­tant as­pect of Sa­gar­mala is util­is­ing coastal ar­eas around ports for power gen­er­a­tion. Gu­jarat be­ing the lead­ing mar­itime state of In­dia can be a good start­ing point here.

Q Which facet of port op­er­a­tions would be elec­tri­fied us­ing this re­new­able source? Will this take the full load of the op­er­a­tion re­quire­ments of the port? When do you plan to start?

A Though the en­tire port op­er­a­tion can be elec­tri­fied, the tech­nolo­gies are un­der de­vel­op­ment in some cases and not fully oper­a­tional. How­ever, an im­por­tant area can be the aux­il­iary power sup­ply to ves­sels when they ar­rive in ports. Barge-mounted power plants run­ning on LNG and other clean fu­els can be used for this pur­pose. This will con­trol one ma­jor area of pol­lu­tion in ports. I am op­ti­mistic about the tech­nol­ogy de­vel­op­ment in this area and con­fi­dent that in com­ing years the en­tire ship­ping in­dus­try, in­clud­ing port op­er­a­tions, will move to­wards sus­tain­able op­er­a­tions.

Q How would this help in min­imis­ing sea wa­ter pol­lu­tion?

A Nor­way has taken the lead in ad­dress­ing sea pol­lu­tion is­sue and PM Erna Sol­berg is lead­ing global ef­forts for sus­tain­able oceans.

Ship­ping was not part of the 2015 Paris Cli­mate Agree­ment. How­ever most na­tions agreed dur­ing the IMO meet­ing in Lon­don (9-13 April 2018) to re­duce emis­sions from ship­ping by at least 50 per cent. We wel­come this and be­lieve that the fastest grow­ing economies such as In­dia have an im­por­tant role to play.

Q Nor­way also has plans to de­velop the in­fra­struc­ture to green the In­dian trans­porta­tion sys­tem. Which as­pect of the trans­porta­tion sys­tem do you plan to ad­dress?

A Nor­way de­vel­oped its first Lng-fu­elled ferry 'Glu­tra' in the year 2000. To­day, it has high­est num­ber of oper­a­tional Lng-fu­elled ves­sels. We are work­ing closely with In­dia on LNG tech­nol­ogy. Bat­ter­ies and hy­brid en­gines are other ar­eas where Nor­way has ex­per­tise and we see im­mense po­ten­tial for this in In­dia as well. In­dia is in­ter­ested in util­is­ing methanol as fuel in trans­porta­tion. The Nor­we­gian com­pany DNVGL has de­vel­oped the re­quired cer­ti­fi­ca­tion stan­dards for methanol en­gines.

Q What po­ten­tial do you see for us­ing LNG as fuel for port op­er­a­tions, coastal ship­ping and the OSV fleet in In­dia?

A LNG is not the so­lu­tion to all the prob­lems of green­house gas emis­sions from ship­ping. How­ever, it will act as a tran­si­tion fuel be­fore the ship­ping in­dus­try com­pletely shifts to cleaner, re­new­able fu­els like bat­ter­ies, methanol, bio-diesel and hy­dro­gen. LNG has been used as a fuel in ship­ping in Nor­way for more than two decades now. In­dia is se­ri­ously look­ing at LNG as fuel for the fu­ture and we are work­ing with in­dus­try as well as govern­ment in this process.

Q What are your plans to en­ter into the ship break­ing in­dus­try in In­dia? What can Nor­way of­fer in ship break­ing tech­nolo­gies for ship de­mo­li­tion yards here?

A The In­dian sub­con­ti­nent in gen­eral and In­dia in par­tic­u­lar, is the hub of global ship break­ing in­dus­try. There is need to en­sure the in­dus­try com­plies with en­vi­ron­men­tal and safety stan­dards. The

Hong Kong Con­ven­tion is an im­por­tant step in that direc­tion. Nor­way rat­i­fied the con­ven­tion in 2013 and we are work­ing with other coun­tries, in­clud­ing In­dia, at the bi­lat­eral level as well as through in­ter­na­tional or­gan­i­sa­tions such as the IMO.

Q Are there any other projects per­tain­ing to lo­gis­tics that Nor­way has un­der­taken in In­dia? If so, could you share the de­tails?

A Port mech­a­niza­tion es­pe­cially the elec­tri­fi­ca­tion of ports can be an­other area of co­op­er­a­tion. Nor­we­gian com­pa­nies have ex­pe­ri­ence and re­quired tech­nol­ogy for coastal sur­veil­lance, ves­sel mon­i­tor­ing and track­ing sys­tems. We are present in the state of Gu­jarat and go­ing for­ward we would like to work closely with In­dia in these ar­eas as well.

HE Nils Rag­nar Kamsvåg Am­bas­sador of Nor­way to In­dia

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