EXCERPTS FROM THE MARWARI HERITAGE
Though Thou based in Rajputana, the Vaishyas had for centuries ce traded in northern India, though some migrated elsewhere. After the advent of the Mughals Mugh in 1525, they began migrating to Bengal in 1564. 15 The then ruler of Bengal, Suleman Kirani, continually conti beset by domestic wrangles, accepted the overlordship o of Emperor Akbar. In return, Akbar Akba sent a contingent of Rajput troops under Raja Man Singh to assist him. The modikhana (supply of food, foo arms and ammunition) was managed by the Vaishyas V of Marwar (Jodhpur), who, with their business busin skills, expanded their business in Bengal. They invited their kin from Rajputana to assist them. them In Bengal, they were popularly known as the Vaishyas. Vaish
Despite D the fact that the Marwaris originated from Marwar in erstwhile Rajputana, the community comm later made its presence felt in every corner corne of India, providing a new impetus to the country’s coun social and economic development. Its tremendous socio-economic contributions to both pre- and post-Independent India have been widely celebrated and lauded. The word Marwari, as it is recognised today, came to encompass all those who resided in Rajputana, Haryana, Malwa and areas adjacent to them. They followed a common culture and lifestyle and spoke a common language, irrespective of whether they themselves or their ancestors were settled in any other part of India or abroad. Initially, the term Marwari was used for the business class alone, but gradually, all the castes linked to traditional Rajputana culture embraced the term. Consequently, the Marwaris included not only the Agarwals, Maheshwaris, Oswals, Khandelwals, Porwals and Saraogis, but also the Brahmins, Rajputs, Jats, Malis, Muslims, Harijans and others who formed part of the cultural heritage of Rajputana. They comprised not only businessmen and industrialists, but also professionals, the service class and even the labour classes.
However, it was later felt that by limiting the definition of a Marwari merely on the basis of geographical, linguistic and cultural traditions, the unique image of the community was being undermined. The community boasts a glorious past replete with countless examples of ceaseless struggle, courage, discipline, perseverance, humility, tolerance, compassion, foresight, dedication, risk-taking ability and above all, self-confidence.