The Prad­han Mantri Awas Yo­jana (Ur­ban) has dis­tinct fea­tures, guide­lines and ben­e­fits: Ar. Deepti H Makar, REPL

As com­pared to pre­vi­ous hous­ing schemes, Prad­han Mantri Awas Yo­jana (Ur­ban) PMAY has dis­ɵnct fea­tures, guide­lines and ben­e­fits, writes

MGS Architecture - - Front Page - Ar. Deepɵ H Makar, DGM – Ar­chi­tec­ture (REPL)

While plan­ning and de­sign­ing af­ford­able hous­ing projects, mul­ti­ple pa­ram­e­ters need to be taken care of: Tech­nol­ogy Sub-mis­sion un­der the mis­sion is pro­posed to work on the fol­low­ing as­pects: • De­sign and plan­ning • In­no­va­tive tech­nolo­gies and ma­te­ri­als • Green build­ings us­ing nat­u­ral re­sources / lo­cally

avail­able ma­te­ri­als • Earth­quake & other dis­as­ter re­sis­tant tech­nolo­gies

and de­signs • Sim­ple con­cept of de­signs, suit­able for Geo-cli­matic zones

An af­ford­able hous­ing project can be a mix of houses for dif­fer­ent cat­e­gories, if at least 35% of the houses are of EWS cat­e­gory and a sin­gle project has at least 250 houses. State gov­ern­ment Af­ford­able Hous­ing schemes have sim­i­lar norms with mi­nor vari­a­tions. The guide­lines on prepa­ra­tion of de­tailed de­sign for hous­ing is men­tioned in the DPR prepa­ra­tion tool­kit pro­vided by the Min­istry of Hous­ing & Ur­ban Poverty Alle­vi­a­tion. Ar­chi­tects have to fol­low the lo­cal/state bylaws and PMAY guide­lines. In ad­di­tion, the de­sign­ers must keep in mind the site ty­pog­ra­phy, cli­matic con­di­tions and other con­straints.

If we de­sign a build­ing be­low 45M we get the ben­e­fit of re­duc­tion in cost of fire equip­ment, sprin­klers as well as other ser­vices and struc­tural re­quire­ments. Above 45m, all the ser­vices, struc­tural re­quire­ments and norms change as the cost of con­struc­tion in­creases. Af­ter de­sign­ing, plan­ning and fi­nal­iza­tion of the con­cept and scheme, the next step is for statu­tory ap­provals as per the bylaws. Mas­ter plan, fire safety norms, en­vi­ron­men­tal clear­ance etc. as ap­pli­ca­ble for the project are to be taken, and statu­tory ap­provals ob­tained be­fore sub­mis­sion of DPR (De­tailed Project Re­port).

PMAY must be lesser in cost of con­struc­tion fol­lowed by saleable cost. How­ever, there are a few con­cerns: • Green build­ing guide­lines for Af­ford­able Hous­ing (AH)

are still weak • Guide­lines on de­sign and ma­te­rial for the AH sec­tor

need more clar­ity • Low aware­ness of ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign that can help im­prove the over­all re­source ef­fi­ciency and en­ergy ef­fi­ciency of the struc­ture • Lim­ited ex­per­tise on low cost ma­te­ri­als and

in­no­va­tive ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign.

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