Health check

Mint ST - - POLITICS - Com­mu­ni­ca­ble and nutri­tional dis­eases In­juries

The share of non-com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases in the to­tal bur­den of dis­ease in­creased to 55% in 2016 from 30% in 1990.

60.9

32.7

Mal­nu­tri­tion is par­tic­u­larly se­vere in so-called em­pow­ered ac­tion group (EAG) states that are so­cioe­co­nom­i­cally back­ward— As­sam, Bi­har, Ch­hat­tis­garh, Jhark­hand, Mad­hya Pradesh, Odisha, Ra­jasthan, Ut­taran­chal and Ut­tar Pradesh. Mal­nu­tri­tion is higher among fe­males.

The ex­tent of the cri­sis be­comes clear when the Dis­abil­ity Ad­justed Life Years, or DALY, rate—that is,

55.4

8.6

11.9 dis­ease bur­den ex­pressed as the num­ber of years lost due to ill­health, dis­abil­ity or early death—is taken into con­sid­er­a­tion. It was nine-fold for di­ar­rhoeal dis­eases and tu­ber­cu­lo­sis, and seven-fold for lower res­pi­ra­tory in­fec­tions in 2016.

The un­der-five mor­tal­ity rate has come down sub­stan­tially in all states, but there was a four-fold dif­fer­ence in the rate be­tween the

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