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ndia is rapidly mov­ing to­wards ur­ban­i­sa­tion. In the com­ing decades, the ur­ban sec­tor will play a crit­i­cal role in the struc­tural trans­for­ma­tion of the In­dian econ­omy and in sus­tain­ing the high rates of eco­nomic growth. En­sur­ing high qual­ity pub­lic ser­vices for all in the cities and towns of In­dia is a must as it will con­trib­ute to­wards the full re­al­i­sa­tion of In­dia’s eco­nomic po­ten­tial. Ur­ban­i­sa­tion is grow­ing at a fast pace and the im­mense scale of this ur­ban de­mo­graphic shift also means that In­dian cities are an­tic­i­pated to ex­pand phys­i­cally, by 200 to 400 per cent in area over the next two decades. This spa­tial ex­pan­sion is in­evitable in any grow­ing econ­omy. And one fac­tor that would be in­stru­men­tal in fa­cil­i­tat­ing this growth would be Ur­ban Trans­port.

Thus, with re­gards to the ur­ban trans­port sys­tem in In­dia, there needs to be a grow­ing em­pha­sis on ef­fec­tive use of de­mand as well as sup­ply-side man­age­ment mea­sures of the same. It is im­por­tant to un­der­stand that it re­quires both an in­crease in quan­tity as well as qual­ity of pub­lic trans­port. There­fore, the in­te­gra­tion of the var­i­ous modes of trans­porta­tion to pro­vide seam­less con­nec­tiv­ity is the most suit­able ap­proach to­wards in­creas­ing the ef­fi­ciency of the pub­lic com­mut­ing sys­tem in In­dia.

Cur­rent sce­nario

Ur­ban trans­port sys­tems in In­dia have con­stantly been try­ing to keep pace with the rapid rate of ur­ban­i­sa­tion over the past few decades. How­ever, there has been a sig­nif­i­cant deficit be­tween sup­ply and de­mand of trans­port in­fra­struc­ture. Ad­di­tion­ally, fund­ing has been in­ad­e­quate. In the present sce­nario, even if ma­jor­ity of the modes of travel ex­ist in In­dia, there is still a large im­bal­ance in the mo­dal split. About 20-60 per cent of In­dia’s pop­u­la­tion walk and pri­vate cars dom­i­nate the ur­ban modes of travel. In­dia can­not fo­cus to­wards cater­ing only to per­sonal means of trans­porta­tion, as it would over a pe­riod of time prove to be a bot­tle­neck in the in­fra­struc­ture growth of the na­tion.

In­dian cities are strug­gling with the in­creased de­mand for

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