ndia is rapidly moving towards urbanisation. In the coming decades, the urban sector will play a critical role in the structural transformation of the Indian economy and in sustaining the high rates of economic growth. Ensuring high quality public services for all in the cities and towns of India is a must as it will contribute towards the full realisation of India’s economic potential. Urbanisation is growing at a fast pace and the immense scale of this urban demographic shift also means that Indian cities are anticipated to expand physically, by 200 to 400 per cent in area over the next two decades. This spatial expansion is inevitable in any growing economy. And one factor that would be instrumental in facilitating this growth would be Urban Transport.
Thus, with regards to the urban transport system in India, there needs to be a growing emphasis on effective use of demand as well as supply-side management measures of the same. It is important to understand that it requires both an increase in quantity as well as quality of public transport. Therefore, the integration of the various modes of transportation to provide seamless connectivity is the most suitable approach towards increasing the efficiency of the public commuting system in India.
Urban transport systems in India have constantly been trying to keep pace with the rapid rate of urbanisation over the past few decades. However, there has been a significant deficit between supply and demand of transport infrastructure. Additionally, funding has been inadequate. In the present scenario, even if majority of the modes of travel exist in India, there is still a large imbalance in the modal split. About 20-60 per cent of India’s population walk and private cars dominate the urban modes of travel. India cannot focus towards catering only to personal means of transportation, as it would over a period of time prove to be a bottleneck in the infrastructure growth of the nation.
Indian cities are struggling with the increased demand for