Di­a­betes of the Brain and Body

Reader's Digest (India) - - Mednews -

TYPE 1 Only about 5 per­cent of peo­ple with di­a­betes have type 1, which is typ­i­cally di­ag­nosed in chil­dren and young adults. The body at­tacks the in­sulin-pro­duc­ing cells in the pan­creas, mak­ing it un­able to reg­u­late blood su­gar. Th­ese pa­tients need in­sulin ther­apy to sur­vive.

TYPE 2 The most com­mon type; ei­ther the pan­creas does not pro­duce enough in­sulin, or mus­cle, liver, and fat cells ig­nore in­sulin, lead­ing to high blood su­gar lev­els and in­creased risk of heart disease, stroke, blind­ness, nerve dam­age, and am­pu­ta­tion.

TYPE 3 This con­tro­ver­sial cat­e­gory refers to Alzheimer’s disease, which may arise when brain tis­sue be­comes in­sulin re­sis­tant. It is like type 2 but pri­mar­ily con­cerns the brain.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.