De­signs for Tech-ready Fu­ture

In­dia as a desti­na­tion is gain­ing promi­nence with sev­eral global it firms set­ting up their in­no­va­tion cen­tres here. No won­der, Sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy Parks (Stps), even en­tire cities are be­ing built around it &ites sec­tor. Realty Plus ex­am­ines the de­sign

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The In­dian IT and ITES in­dus­try is di­vided into four ma­jor seg­ments – In­for­ma­tion Tech­nol­ogy ser­vices, Busi­ness Process Man­age­ment (BPM), soft­ware prod­ucts and en­gi­neer­ing ser­vices, and hard­ware. It re­mained the world’s top IT sourc­ing desti­na­tion in 2016-17 with a share of 55% and In­dian IT &ITES com­pa­nies have set up over 1,000 global de­liv­ery cen­tres in over 200 cities around the world. More im­por­tantly, the In­dian IT sec­tor is one of the big­gest and fastest grow­ing mar­kets and has led the eco­nomic trans­for­ma­tion of the coun­try. The IT sec­tor has also cre­ated sig­nif­i­cant de­mand for spe­cial­ized real-es­tate devel­op­ment that can cater to the spe­cific re­quire­ments of the in­dus­try. The IT in­dus­try as a whole in In­dia com­prises of • Hard­ware that in­cludes – com­put­ing - net­work­ing hard­ware - pe­riph­eral (IT in­fra­struc­ture) • Soft­ware & IT Ser­vices that in­cludes – cus­tom - pack­aged soft­ware – IT ser­vices - IT train­ing • It-en­abled Ser­vices that in­cludes - busi­ness - knowl­edge pro­cesses out­sourced Many state gov­ern­ments are en­cour­ag­ing tech­nol­ogy park de­vel­op­ments by pro­vid­ing flex­i­ble land use poli­cies and FSI in­cen­tives that per­mit the de­vel­oper to build mixed use clus­ter IT space with good fi­nan­cial re­turns.

the in­dian gov­ern­ment´s sup­port­ive pol­icy has worked as a cat­a­lyst for the devel­op­ment of sev­eral it parks and sezs. soft­ware tech­nol­ogy Parks of in­dia (Stpi) scheme un­der the Min­istry of com­mu­ni­ca­tions and in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy pro­vides end num­ber of ben­e­fits to regis­tered units, in­clud­ing 100-per-cent for­eign eq­uity, tax in­cen­tives and duty-free im­port and indige­nous pro­cure­ment.

tech­nol­ogy PARK Def­i­ni­tion

In­for­ma­tion Tech­nol­ogy (IT) or Tech­nol­ogy parks are in­te­grated de­vel­op­ments de­signed to en­cour­age the growth of tech­nol­ogy -based in­dus­tries as well as re­search and pro­duc­tion of ad­vanced tech­nolo­gies. These com­plexes fa­cil­i­tate syn­er­gies among var­i­ous tech­nol­ogy-based com­pa­nies­res­i­dent on site. Ten­ants of STPS are usu­ally a mix of large firms (an­chor or­ga­ni­za­tions) and small en­tre­pre­neur­ial firms. The plan­ning of the project pro­vides in­fra­struc­ture like­high-speed data com­mu­ni­ca­tion, ca­bles, Wi-fi pro­vi­sions,in­door & out­door break-out ar­eas for em­ploy­ees, sports & leisure fa­cil­i­ties,re­tail and ho­tels along with land­scaped green sur­round­ings. Easy con­nec­tiv­ity to city cen­tre, avail­abil­ity of skilled em­ploy­ees and nearby res­i­den­tial ar­eas is the pre­req­ui­site for an IT park project devel­op­ment. In In­dia, IT parks are mostly lo­cated in and around Bengaluru, Chen­nai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Pune, Mum­bai and Kolkata.

De­sign Per­spec­tive

A key ele­ment in de­sign­ing an IT park is the ar­range­ment of struc­tures, park­ing, cir­cu­la­tion and how the open spa­ces re­late to the sur­round­ing en­vi­ron­ment. Aes­thet­i­cally a vis­ual con­ti­nu­ity of the ar­chi­tec­ture in mass, scale and ma­te­ri­als is im­por­tant. Ar­chi­tect Ra­jan Gore­gaonkar, Founder, GA De­sign, said, “The plan­ning should be such that the build­ings are not the dom­i­nant fac­tor. Their place­ment should be such to em­pha­size plazas, court­yards and in­for­mal sit outs. Spill out ar­eas should be de­signed for cam­pus can­teens, fit­ness gyms, nurs­eries and sim­i­lar ameni­ties. Smaller out­door spa­ces could of­fer in­for­mal meet­ing and greet­ing ar­eas as well as shad­ing and seat­ing for groups of in­di­vid­u­als.

It is im­por­tant that the site is de­signed in such a way that there is min­i­mum con­flict be­tween the pedes­trian and the ve­hic­u­lar drive ways. The in­ter­nal cir­cu­la­tion of the park­ing should pro­mote safety and ef­fi­ciency and con­ve­nience. A con­tin­u­ous cir­cu­la­tion pat­tern should be pro­vided to the ex­tent pos­si­ble. Aux­il­iary struc­tures such as trash en­clo­sures, load­ing and un-load­ing ar­eas should be con­cealed from the pub­lic view and ap­pro­pri­ately de­signed.”

Tech­nol­ogy is used in IT park plan­ning and con­struc­tion to rep­re­sent value for money in terms of speed, ser­vices pro­vided, compatibility, cost and re­li­a­bil­ity. The build­ing ma­te­ri­als need to be of re­cy­clable com­po­nents, er­gonom­i­cally sound and en­ergy ef­fi­cient.

Manit Ras­togi, Founder Part­ner, Mor­pho­gen­e­sis ex­plained, “De­sign of the built en­ve­lope is gov­erned by care­fully bal­anc­ing shade, glare, day­light dis­tri­bu­tion, so­lar heat gain re­duc­tion. So­lar con­trol for the ex­ter­nal fa­cade pri­mar­ily in­volves shad­ing de­vices de­signed with con­scious at­ten­tion to con­trol­ling glare with­out ham­per­ing the day­light dis­tri­bu­tion. ther­mal com­fort has proven to be cru­cial in achiev­ing oc­cu­pant sat­is­fac­tion as well as work­place pro­duc­tiv­ity.”

tech­ni­cal as­pects

Build­ing In­for­ma­tion Mod­el­ling (BIM) has be­come the main de­sign ap­proach in build­ing de­sign & con­struc­tion. The com­put­er­ized sys­tem helps in col­lect­ing and col­lat­ing in­for­ma­tion about the en­tire com­plex un­der con­struc­tion. Gore­gaonkar, stated, “BIM greatly en­hances the com­mu­ni­ca­tion among engi­neers and de­sign­ers that are work­ing on the project. Com­puter aided de­sign­ing helps in de­sign­ing flaw­less build­ings as through com­puter sim­u­la­tions prob­lems

can be found and re­solved be­fore con­struct­ing build­ings phys­i­cally.”

Apart from the ef­fi­cient build­ing plan­ning and de­sign, work­ing spa­ces de­mand con­sis­tent and con­trolled in­door en­vi­ron­ments for min­i­mal dis­trac­tion dur­ing fo­cused tasks. Talk­ing about the in­te­rior work en­vi­ron­ment tech­nol­ogy re­quire­ments Ras­togi elab­o­rated, “The cool­ing loads can be sig­nif­i­cantly re­duced by in­te­grat­ing cli­mate-re­spon­sive pas­sive strate­gies like mi­cro­cli­mate cre­ation and ro­bust en­ve­lope de­sign. The re­sul­tant en­ergy loads, how­ever min­i­mal, need to be coun­tered with highly ef­fi­cient and op­ti­mised ac­tive sys­tems like day­light, CO2 sen­sors, hy­brid cool­ing sys­tems etc. to achieve the de­sired com­fort lev­els in­doors. In­no­va­tive me­chan­i­cal cool­ing sys­tems in­clud­ing ra­di­ant cool­ing, un­der-floor sys­tems as well as ceil­ing fans are often ex­plored in ex­clu­sive as well as com­bi­na­tion sce­nar­ios. These sys­tems are fur­ther val­ueengi­neered to min­imise the en­ergy con­sump­tion to the last bit. Suf­fic­ing the project de­mands by al­ter­na­tive re­new­able re­sources com­pletes the full cir­cle to fi­nally achieve a NetZero Devel­op­ment.” Some of the tech­nolo­gies be­ing used for IT Parks de­sign in­clude:

• Sty­ro­foam Pan­els

Sty­ro­foam pan­els are ac­tu­ally EPS foam that is sealed be­tween steel sheets for strength and this foam works as ther­mal re­sis­tor. It not only has heat re­sis­tance but also has ca­pac­ity to en­dure the wind speed up to 140 mph.. As it lam­i­nates the foam in steel sheets that make it safer from ter­mites, as they can’t in­vade steel sheets. The dura­bil­ity and strength of Sty­ro­foam make build­ings long last­ing and cleaner than build­ings con­structed with other ma­te­ri­als. • Un­bounded PT Slabs

The slabs are con­sid­ered re­li­able for their qual­ity and strength as their steel strands are greased well to re­sist rust­ing. The un­bonded PT slabs are light weight and flex­i­ble due to small thick­ness of its un­bonded ten­don. Due to this rea­son, un­bonded PT slab pat­terns are able to make best use of com­plete strength of a con­crete slab. These are suc­cess­fully used at dif­fer­ent places such as on roofs, pave­ments, and even in the round wa­ter tanks.

• Au­toma­tion

A build­ing au­toma­tion sys­tem, or BAS, is a cen­tral­ized con­trol sys­tem which mon­i­tors an en­tire build­ing’s func­tion­al­ity in­clud­ing heat­ing, ven­ti­la­tion, air con­di­tion­ing (HVAC), light­ing sys­tems, and often wa­ter, fire and life safety. These sys­tems are in­ter­con­nected, into a uni­fied sys­tem, which drives down build­ing costs as well as en­ergy con­sump­tion.

• Wire­less sys­tems

Rapid ad­vance­ment of wi-fi sys­tems is in­flu­enc­ing the work en­vi­ron­ment in a big way. Fiber Op­tics gives very high in­ter­net con­nec­tiv­ity and pro­vide high speed in­ter­net.

• Air fil­ter sys­tems

Air fil­ter is a de­vice com­posed of fi­brous ma­te­ri­als which re­moves solid par­tic­u­lates such as dust, pollen, mould, and bac­te­ria from the air. Air fil­ters are used in data server rooms and ap­pli­ca­tions where air qual­ity is im­por­tant, The cur­rent 2.5 air pu­ri­fier sys­tems are the lat­est in Air Pu­ri­fy­ing tech­nolo­gies which are used in large work en­vi­ron­ment ar­eas.

the fu­ture Po­ten­tial

IT parks have played very cru­cial role in the growth of IT, es­pe­cially the soft­ware busi­ness. In­dian IT parks have gained pop­u­lar­ity at in­ter­na­tional plat­form as well for their state of the art in­fra­struc­ture, world class work­ing con­di­tions and ameni­ties. There­fore, there lies an im­mense op­por­tu­nity ahead for tech­nol­ogy parks & com­plexes de­vel­op­ments across In­dian states. With the Smart city ini­tia­tives, the tier II and II cities are be­com­ing the favourable desti­na­tion for tech­nol­ogy parks set-up. De­vel­op­ers like DLF, L&T, RMZ Corp, Mantri De­vel­op­ers, K Raheja Corp, As­cen­das, RNA Corp, Tata Realty, Shapoor­ji­pal­lonji, Hiranandani and Emaar, among oth­ers are de­vel­op­ing IT Parks & SEZS.

De­signed by Ne­jeeb Khan, MD & founder of KGD ar­chi­tec­ture, Many­ata tech Park mixed use prop­erty is con­structed by the top down method, a first in in­dia.

Mfar Many­ata Tech Park Phase IV is a mixed use of­fice devel­op­ment with com­mer­cial ameni­ties that in­clude a re­tail wing with F&B out­lets, shop­ping, health and fit­ness and a busi­ness cen­tre. This is de­signed as a 12 sto­ried block with three un­der­ground lev­els of car park­ing ad­ja­cent to the cam­pus style ear­lier phases of Mfar Many­ata Tech Park. How­ever, the glass porch at the en­trance marks it out of the build­ing mass, giv­ing it an al­most sculp­ture like ap­pear­ance.

The ar­chi­tect of the project Ne­jeeb Khan, elab­o­rated, “Var­i­ous fac­tors were care­fully worked upon to max­i­mize the use of space with­out mak­ing a haz­ardous foot­print. Con­sid­er­ing that 10,000 peo­ple would be oc­cu­py­ing the build­ing, it called for a sim­ple spa­tial plan that re­duced con­fu­sion elim­i­nated the need to be con­stantly di­rected. ”The re­sul­tant floor plate is nar­row and long with the length aligned in the North South axis ex­cept for the L part on the West Façade, which has been pro­vided with high per­for­mance glaz­ing. No ACP has been used by the ar­chi­tects, in­stead of which Kalzip is used to cre­ate beau­ti­ful un­du­la­tions in the façade which not only cre­ates a unique pat­tern but also cre­ates a play of light due to its light re­flect­ing Prop­er­ties.” Short span East & South ends are pro­vided with lit­tle or no glaz­ing and the east end is blocked with the ser­vices & toi­let core to pre­vent ex­ces­sive ex­po­sure to the harsh sun­light. The L shape also fa­cil­i­tates self-shad­ing for the south­ern façade to some de­gree.the façade is com­posed of sec­tions to pro­vide ad­e­quate pen­e­tra­tion of day­light to pro­vide views while for­go­ing glare.

“The nar­row plate fur­ther en­hances the en­try of day­light from both the sides. Un­like most build­ings, un­der this ty­pol­ogy, it is earth bound and a lot of ac­tiv­i­ties in the re­tail spill into the open and land­scaped ar­eas break­ing the monotony and giv­ing a sense of re­lat­able scale to these users,” added Khan. Be it high per­for­mance so­lar glaz­ing or highly ef­fi­cient flu­o­res­cent light bulbs, each ele­ment of the build­ing was care­fully put in place. This posed a chal­lenge to the ar­chi­tects to cre­ate a dy­namic struc­ture which is green, func­tion­ally sound and an aes­thetic marvel. De­signed as a con­tem­po­rary cur­tain walled of­fice and re­tail build­ing struc­ture with a for­mal style of ar­chi­tec­ture, the project is an IGBC core and warm shell Gold rated devel­op­ment.

Ar­chi­tect RA­JAN gore­gaonkar

manit ras­togi

ne­jeeb Khan

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