SAM SYSTEMS FOR PAKISTAN
The Pakistan Army has inducted the Chinese LY-80 (HQ-16) medium-range SAM system into service. Islamabad has placed two separate orders for the system having ordered three HQ-16 systems and eight IBIS-150 radars in 2013-14 for $225.77 million and $40 million respectively. This was followed up in 2014-15 with a $373.23-million order for six additional HQ-16 systems. As per Army Recognition, HQ-16 has a maximum range of 40 km and is capable of engaging targets at an altitude of 400 metres to 10,000 metres. The HQ-16 system comprises an IBIS-150 3D targetsearch radar, a solid-state S-Band passive electronically-scanned array (PESA) radar with a range of up to 150 km, multiple L-Band tracking and guidance PESA radars, and six-cell vertical missile-launchers. However, the China Aerospace Long-March International states that the LY-80 has a maximum range of 70 km.