Wide-ranging Vehicles for Diverse Roles
Currently, the Indian Army is looking for multi-purpose vehicles (MPVS), light bullet proof vehicles (Lt BPVS), light strike vehicles (LSVS) for the infantry battalions for its various roles in external and internal security duties and reconnaissance vehi
FOR INDIAN ARMY, THE term special vehicle has a number of connotations and therefore there are a large variety of vehicles which fall under this term. They range from the heavy vehicles category like the tank transporters which are meant to transport 40 to 60 tonne tanks mounted on trailers towed by more powerful high mobility vehicles to high mobility trucks required to carry heavy logistic loads like fuel oil and lubricants (FOL) and tank, artillery and air defence ammunition, when moving across country, away from metalled roads, behind strike formations, in offensive operations. The latter (special logistic vehicles) cater to all types of logistic loads to enable the strike formations to have a “self-contained capability” for a limited period of time during which period the combat engineers are expected to lay “tracks” in the area overrun by the attacking formations to establish their normal daily replenishment schedule. Thus the concerned formations establish their daily replenishment schedule through a supply chain management established by the administrative staff of the higher formation. The replenishment vehicles which move on tracks made by the engineers are based on normal trucks which may be termed as heavy or medium depending mainly upon their load carrying capability. The medium category is used as ambulances for transportation of troops, or even mounting of heavier weapons, etc. These types of vehicles are available in the market except that the ones used by the Army are specially modified according to the service requirement and all are invariably 4x4 wheeled drive with a better capability to travel across the country, away from metal roads. Another category of heavy vehicles are the heavy recovery vehicles of the electrical and mechanical engineers (EME) for recovering tanks, infantry combat vehicles, missile vehicles, command post vehicles, and other heavy vehicles which break down or get stuck in mud or sand.
Light and Medium Category Vehicles
In the light and medium vehicles category are also included vehicles which are used for transportation of limited number of troops, liaison of commanders, radio fitted vehicles of commanders at various levels, for mounting of heavy weapons, movement of reconnaissance teams for reconnaissance of terrain and obstacle systems and for special purposes such as nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) reconnaissance. All these types of vehicles have the same chassis but are modified for their specific role. Currently, the Indian Army is looking for multi-purpose vehicles (MPVs), light bullet proof vehicles (Lt BPVs), light strike vehicles (LSVs) for the infantry battalions for its various roles in external and internal security duties and reconnaissance vehicles for the armoured and mechanised units and NBC units.
This article gives a few examples of high mobility multipurpose (wheeled) vehicles available in the market which can be put to use in the above roles.