For Better Deterrence & Lesser Collateral Damage
The Artillery needs large quantities of PGMS for more accurate targeting in future battles. PGMS are increasingly gaining currency to accurately destroy critical hard targets quickly as well as to reduce collateral damage. With a larger quantity of PGMS,
APRECISION-GUIDED MUNITION (PGM) also termed as “smart munition”, is a guided munition intended to precisely hit a specific target and to minimise collateral damage. It is well known that the damage effects of explosive weapons fall off with distance. Thus even modest improvements in accuracy enable a target to be effectively attacked with fewer or smaller bombs. The creation of precision-guided munitions resulted in the renaming of older bombs as “gravity bombs”, “dumb bombs” or “iron bombs”.
Advantages of PGMs
Precision munitions give a decision-maker the confidence of contemplating the use of force in circumstances where collateral damage would be unacceptable or call into question the viability of continued military action and hence may preclude the use of force as an option. Thus precision technologies have been used to design munitions which could be employed to overcome such inhibitions.
In low intensity conflict operations like counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism and even in high intensity conventional conflicts, attitudes towards own and enemy causalities have changed. This has come about because of negative publicity regarding the use of heavy weaponry which results in a large number of civilian causalities and which has serious implications for public opinion and policy. This is more so in democratic countries where the political leader- ship is often at pains to explain the necessity of use of force. Moreover, due to availability of excellent communications worldwide, it is not possible to hide excesses anywhere and in a seamless world, adverse global opinion can have an adverse impact both internally and externally.
Changed Nature of Warfare
Additionally, wars and warfare have changed considerably. It is in this context that Richard P. Hallon in his article “Precision-guided Munitions and the New Era of Warfare” (ASPC Paper No. 53) states, “There has been a generalised lack of appreciation of how warfare has changed since the Second World War. On the eve of the Gulf War, for example, critics of proposed military action posited scenarios where tens of thousands of Iraqis would be killed by largely indiscriminate air attacks that would ‘carpet bomb’ population centres, particularly Baghdad. To give viewers some idea of what a ‘modern’ air war might be like, commentators, ironically, ran footage of Berlin and other German cities after Victory in Europe (VE) Day. In fact, of course, coalition leaders had no intention whatsoever of using such a level of force against an opponent, recognising that given the moral climate of the present day; this use of power simply would not be tolerated by the world community, or even the population of a coalition nation that engaged in such action. But after being briefed on the air campaign plan for the Gulf War, coalition political and military leaders were very comfortable with the notion of using precision weapons in attacks deep in the midst of major cities, once they had been assured that the accuracies claimed for such
XM25 individual airburst weapon system