Prime Minister Narendra ModiÕs Outreach to USA The PMÕs visit to US can be considered one of the most important visits which will re-shape the Indo-US future relations. Details and analysis of the visit are brought to you by the former Army Chief, Gen V.P. Malik (Retd).
Modernisation Military modernisation occurs in geo-strategic, political and economic contexts. A modern military is an important tool for a nation to pursue its foreign and security policies. Not only the militaries have to guard against the ever changing combination of internal and external security threats and challenges, the politico-military establishment of the countries have to also prepare in advance for likely IndonesiaÕs Armed Forces are undergoing one such modernisation which promises to transform the military capabilities of the largest nation in South East Asia.
The worst period as far capability building and modernisation of the Indian armed forces is concerned has been the past decade of UPA rule which has resulted in neutred combat capability. The situation is very critical due to existing voids in ammunitation apart from obsolescence of some major hardware. Prime Minister Narendra Modi while addressing the Combined CommandersÕ Conference 2014 in the Defence Ministry War Room on October 17 , highlighted that Òbeyond the immediate, we are facing a future where security challenges will be less predictable; situations will evolve and change swiftly; and, technological changes will make pace with. The threats may be known, but the enemy may be invisible. It is hoped that the NDA Goverment will take forward the Modernisation of the armed forces at top priority.
Border Incident at Chumar in Eastern Ladakh While a large number of Army personnel were still busy tack citizens, another scene was being played out by China on the line of actual control (LAC). On September 18, while the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping were meeting in New Delhi over a thousand troops from the two countries remained locked in a face-off along the Pare-Chu stream in LadakhÕs Chumar region. Army sources described the face-off as the largest buildup of troops on LAC since the crisis at Daulat Beg Oldi last year, but added that violence was unlikely. The Defence Ministry but sources said the strength of troops on the Chinese side were build up to about 1,000 troops by September 17 evening. The number on the Indian side was about 1,500. The meetings between the military commanders of Leh-based 14 Corps and the Chinese delegation was unsuccessful and that is about the time that the government refused to budge and the Indian military decided to act tough. This paid off and the Chinese moved back to the pre-September 1 positions.
Firing on the International Border and on the LoC in J&K As the Chinese incident on the LAC eased off, the intensity of incidents on the international border and line of control (LoC) with Pakistan started increasing. By October 6, 40 posts of the BSF in Jammu region came under heavy - ians causalities, damaging houses and cattle destroyed. This led the government to lift restrictions on the Army and the BSF to retaliate with telling effect.
Islamabad it seems was shocked by the ferocity and intensity of the Indian response. Indian forces were asked not to seek any thus sending the signal that the government was in no mood to ease situation on the border with - tions were halted. It is obvious that - der was a result of PakistanÕs frustration over New Delhi blocking all of its attempts to internationalise the Kashmir issue. Media reports also suggest that IndiaÕs massive - tions has resulted in at least 35 deaths across the border. Pakistan has to understand the new realities and act accordingly if they want peace on the borders.
Toughening of IndiaÕs Stand on Border Incidents The latest incidents in J&K on the International Border and LoC opposite Pakistan and on the LAC opposite China shows a toughening of IndiaÕs stand on border incidents and stand-offs. The lesson learnt from these incidents stands out loud and clear. Countries respect you only if you are militarily strong and have the political will to exercise your rights. Even diplomatic parleys without a strong political will are ineffective.
Floods in J&K a National Calamity 2014, Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir was hit by torrential rain destruction was so devastating that the Prime Minister declared it a national calamity.
The Indian Army, the Indian Air Force, the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), and the paramilitary forces rose to the occasion to carry out one of the largest rescue and relief operations in the history of independent India. The Army was involved in rescue and relief of people in Jammu and in Kashmir, building damaged arterial roads, building damaged bridges, providing medical assistance, establishing relief camps, establishing water and medicines. The Army deployed more than 30,000 troops for the rescue and relief operations in Jammu and Kashmir and brought in 224 boats for rescue operations. The Army Aviation with its helicopters also functioned in close concert with the Indian Air Force. The Army Operation was called off after two weeks of non-stop rescue and relief operations in the state.
Lt General V.K. Kapoor (Retd)