TOR – TODAY AND TOMORROW AIR DEFENSE
In competitive development of air attack means and air defense equipment it has long ago become apparent a tendency when domain of confrontation of these armaments transfers to near ground level. That particular tendency stipulates for on of requirements to short range surface- to- air systems:
- hitting high precision weapon ( anti- radar missiles, guided aerial bombs, cruise missiles), manned and unmanned aerial vehicles;
- high probability of hitting high- speed, diving, maneuvering and lo ng targets;
- ability to hit the targets with a great course parameter; - high noise immunity; - short reaction time ( time between appearance o et mark and launch of missile);
- availability of target and missile channels ( ability to hit several targets simultaneously);
- missile ammunition to solve combat missions.
Short range SAM systems of the TOR family produced by IEMP KUPOL, such as Tor-M2E, Tor-M2K and Tor- M2KM, meet in full all the requirements. They were designed to struggle against various up- to- date air attack means and intended to destruct HPW ( anti- radar missiles, guided and gliding aerial bombs) and high- speed, diving, maneuvering manned and unmanned aerial vehicles capable of within 24 hours at extremely low, low and medium altitudes at a velocity of up to 700 m/ s and using active and passive jamming. These SAM systems were designed as the systems of position being the basic battle means to against massive strikes of HPW just above the battle field. They ensure effective air defense of military units on the move and in cantonment areas, during any modern mobile combat action, as well as defense of key state and military installations. Nowadays the Tor SAMS is the only weapon all over the world that can hit four missiles on the principle of: one missile - one target.
The best demonstration of leading positions of the Tor family SAM systems on the world-wide arms market is the result of tests carried out both on territory of foreign states and Russian ring ranges.
From September 30 to October 17 of 2014 in testing area of the Russian Ministry of Defense KapustinYar tests and demonstration ring ( in - cluding missiles launches) were undertaken within the tender process for procurement ofTorM2KM SAMS under conditions of military- technical cooperation.
Demonstration launches became the culminating moment. The re were held in two phases. According to conditions of the task a target, function of which was by the SAMAN missile, was by two missiles simultaneously in daylight hours. The target was hit by the missile over a distance of more than 10 km. Another missile was self- destructed. The second test phase anticipated pursuit engagement of small- size target in night time. The target was an UAV. This target was hit by one missile too. The system came through the g test brilliantly demonstrating one hundred percent successful result, besides it underwent comprehensive running tests on the road prepared specially and all the tests co ming uninterrupted failuresfree operation. Such results are natural consequence of high quality of the equipment, high- skill job of combat crew and perfect organization of the tests. The tender committee highly appreciated operation of the Tor- M2KM system.
The manufacturer’s experts say about great prospects for the Tor-M2KM SAM system. Nowadays it is the only system that is capable of providing defense of big cities inside of its boundary, vital military, industrial and public facilities, railway stations, naval bases, ds, arsenals etc. The designers managed to develop a compact, independent combat module mountable on various platforms including truck chassis, semi- trailers, trailers, railway platforms and decks of low- tonnage vessels. Besides it can be mounted on special frames and used in stationary mode. Today the modular construction principle of WME is adapted by designers in many countries. However there are simply no counterparts of the Tor-M2KM SAM system today.
The launches proved once again unsurpassed engineering and combat characteristics of Russian SAMS Tor- M2KM as well as its absolute superiority over similar systems produced in other countries. As the experts of KUPOL note, experience of the TorM2KM SAM system production and the executed tests results enable to develop new mo ons of the system.
Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant Kupol, JSC Russia, Udmurt Republic, Izhevsk, Pesochnaia st., 3 Tel.: (3412) 903211, fax: (3412) 726819
Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern, JSC
121471, Moscow, Vereyskaia st., 41 Tel.: (495) 276-29-65, fax: (495) 276-29-69