Bor­der area man­age­ment along with in­fra­struc­ture de­vel­op­ment


Ad­dress­ing the Mem­bers of Con­sul­ta­tive Com­mit­tee at­tached to the Home Min­istry, P. Chi­dambaram, the Union Home Min­is­ter, in­formed that bor­der area man­age­ment is pos­si­ble only when eco­nomic and in­fras­truc­tural de­vel­op­ment takes place in the bor­der ar­eas. He men­tioned that the guard­ing of bor­ders is a very com­plex task as it de­pends upon sev­eral fac­tors.

Re­fer­ring to the Bor­der Area De­vel­op­ment Pro­gramme (BADP), the Min­is­ter in­formed that ` 990 crore has been al­lo­cated for BADP for the year 2012-13 which is ` 90 crore more than the last year’s al­lo­ca­tion. The BADP cov­ers 358 blocks of 96 bor­der dis­tricts of 17 states lo­cated along the in­ter­na­tional land bor­der. The pro­gramme is a 100 per cent cen­trally-spon­sored scheme. Funds are pro­vided to the states as a non-lapsable spe­cial cen­tral as­sis­tance for ex­e­cu­tion of projects re­lat­ing to in­fra­struc­ture, liveli­hood, ed­u­ca­tion, health, agri­cul­ture and al­lied sec­tor. Funds are re­leased to the states in two in­stall­ments i.e. first in­stall­ment of 90 per cent and the sec­ond of 10 per cent amount of the al­lo­ca­tion.

Chi­dambaram in­formed the Com­mit­tee that in pur­suance of the Group of Min­is­ters’ rec­om­men­da­tion to re­duce in­ter-bor­der out post (BOP) dis­tance to 3.5 km, the Gov­ern­ment has ap­proved con­struc­tion of ad­di­tional 509 BOPs—383 on Indo Bangladesh Bor­der and 126 on In­doPak­istan bor­der. The Home Min­is­ter said that in­creased num­ber of BOPs will help in ef­fec­tive mon­i­tor­ing of the bor­der. He said that the work is tar­geted to be com­pleted by 2013-14. He also men­tioned that the BOPs are now pro­vided bet­ter com­mu­ni­ca­tion and in­fras­truc­tural fa­cil­i­ties.

The Min­is­ter in­formed that the Gov­ern­ment was ex­plor­ing use of mod­ern tech­nol­ogy in bor­der man­age­ment by proper fenc­ing, flood lights and other lat­est tech­nolo­gies avail­able in this field. He fur­ther stated that the ex­pe­ri­ences of ad­vanced coun­tries are also be­ing stud­ied for bet­ter man­age­ment of bor­ders. The Min­is­ter said that the con­straint of re­sources could be a prob­lem for bor­der man­age­ment ear­lier but now ad­e­quate re­sources are be­ing pro­vided and low-cost tech­nol­ogy and bet­ter man­age­ment is be­ing ex­plored for bet­ter man­age­ment.

The Home Min­is­ter in­formed that fenc­ing of the bor­ders had helped a lot in check­ing the in­fil­tra­tion but added that fenc­ing re­pairs were needed as in sev­eral places it is dam­aged by the sand dunes in Ra­jasthan sec­tor and snow in J&K.

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