Mil­i­tant groups of the North-east


There are re­ports that In­dian In­sur­gent Groups (IIGs) have been us­ing Myan­mar ter­ri­tory for safe sanc­tu­ary. Ma­nipur-based Meiti in­sur­gent groups like Peo­ple’s Lib­er­a­tion Army (PLA), United Na­tional Lib­er­a­tion Front (UNLF), Peo­ple’s Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Party of Kan­gleipak (PREPAK); Naga in­sur­gent group like the Na­tional So­cial­ist Coun­cil of Na­ga­land/Kha­p­lang (NSCN/K) and United Lib­er­a­tion Front of As­sam (ULFA) Anti-talk fac­tion and Na­tional Demo­cratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) have their camps/hide­outs in Myan­mar Naga Hills (MNH).

The pres­ence of IIGs in Myan­mar has been the sin­gle most im­por­tant se­cu­rity is­sue for In­dia at ev­ery bi­lat­eral ne­go­ti­a­tions, i.e. Na­tional Level Meet­ing (NLM) at Home Sec­re­tary Level and Sec­toral Level Meet­ing (SLM) at Joint Sec­re­tary Level held ev­ery year in pur­suance of 1994 mem­o­ran­dum of un­der­stand­ing (MoU) be­tween In­dia and Myan­mar. Myan­mar has al­ways been as­sur­ing In­dia that they will not al­low their soil to be used by IIGs to carry out ac­tiv­i­ties in­im­i­cal to In­dia. IIGs continue to use Myan­mar ter­ri­tory not­with­stand­ing Myan­mar’s re­peated as­sur­ances not to al­low its ter­ri­tory for ac­tiv­i­ties in­im­i­cal to In­dia.

In the re­cently held NLM be­tween In­dia and Myan­mar at Nay Pyi Taw (Myan­mar) in Jan­uary 2012 and SLM held at Kolkata in June 2012, the is­sue of con­tin­ued pres­ence of IIG groups in Myan­mar was raised again and it has been as­sured by Myan­mar to co­op­er­ate closely to ad­dress the In­dian con­cerns.

As a re­sult of reg­u­lar Na­tional Level and Sec­toral Level Meet­ings and fol­low-up of de­lib­er­a­tions of NLM and SLM, Myan­mar au­thor­i­ties have shown will­ing­ness to act against these mil­i­tant groups and have started some op­er­a­tions against IIGs in Myan­mar in re­cent times.

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