Funds re­leased for CCTNS project


Funds to the tune of ` 418.87 crore have been re­leased till date to all the State/Union Ter­ri­to­ries un­der the Crime and Crim­i­nal Track­ing Net­work & Sys­tems (CCTNS) project in var­i­ous heads rang­ing from sys­tem in­te­gra­tor, project man­age­ment, ca­pac­ity build­ing to net­work­ing as well. As of now, pi­lot test­ing for core ap­pli­ca­tion soft­ware is go­ing on at few cho­sen lo­ca­tions in As­sam, Ker­ala and Ut­tar Pradesh. No cities have so far been con­nected with CCTNS.

CCTNS project is yet to be im­ple­mented across the coun­try. The project aims at cre­at­ing a com­pre­hen­sive and in­te­grated sys­tem for en­hanc­ing the ef­fi­ciency and ef­fec­tive­ness of polic­ing at the po­lice sta­tion level through adoption of prin­ci­ples of e-gov­er­nance, and cre­ation of a na­tion­wide net­worked in­fra­struc­ture for evo­lu­tion of IT-en­abled state-of-the-art track­ing sys­tem around “in­ves­ti­ga­tion of crime and de­tec­tion of crim­i­nals” in the real time, which is a crit­i­cal re­quire­ment in the con­text of the present-day in­ter­nal se­cu­rity sce­nario.

This was stated by Ji­ten­dra Singh, Min­is­ter of State of Home Af­fairs, in the Lok Sabha.

A DHS re­lease re­ports that in the early 1990s, South Amer­i­can drug car­tels came up with a new tac­tic to trans­port nar­cotics des­tined for the United States: small, radar-dodg­ing, self-pro­pelled, semi-sub­mersibles.

Al­though clan­des­tine semi-sub­mersibles were ru­moured to ex­ist in the mid-1990s, many be­lieved them to be a myth, hence their name Big­foot. Then in 2006, an ac­tual Colom­bian semi-sub­mersible was cap­tured by the US Coast Guard in the Eastern Pa­cific Ocean. To­day, drug car­tels continue to build their narco subs. With low pro­files and low radar re­flec­tiv­ity, these il­le­gal, stealthy, dru­grun­ning semi-sub­mersibles cut through the wa­ter at wave height and are nearly im­pos­si­ble to de­tect.

S&T built Pluto in 2008 to serve as a sur­ro­gate SPSS with many of the same fea­tures as the ves­sels built by the car­tels. It is used as a tar­get by DHS and its na­tional se­cu­rity community part­ners to help test the per­for­mance of de­tec­tion sys­tems and give op­er­a­tors of those sys­tems real world ex­pe­ri­ence un­der con­trolled con­di­tions. This test­ing helps de­velop new con­cepts of op­er­a­tion for seaborne, air­borne, and space-borne tech­nolo­gies to spot il­le­gal ves­sels. “Small sur­face ves­sels, self-pro­pelled semi-sub­mersibles, and now the most re­cent in­no­va­tion of fully sub­merged ves­sels (FSVs), pose sig­nif­i­cant chal­lenges to maritime se­cu­rity,” says Tom To­maiko of S&T’s Bor­ders and Maritime Se­cu­rity Division.

“While some small boats sit­ting low in the wa­ter have le­git­i­mate pur­poses, there are many that are used for il­licit pur­poses The re­lease notes that dozens of these boats have been cap­tured by the United States and part­ner na­tion law en­force­ment agen­cies in the last few years, some­times with their cargo still on board, some­times af­ter it has been thrown over­board. “When the crews be­come aware they’ve been spot­ted, they will typ­i­cally scut­tle the boat im­me­di­ately, know­ing they’ll be res­cued by us any­way,” says To­maiko. Mean­while, cramped liv­ing con­di­tions within the il­le­gal SSPSs can be hor­ren­dous. There is gen­er­ally only 3” of space above the wa­ter­line, mean­ing the ride can be very rough. The small crews of three or four have lit­tle to eat, poor air qual­ity, no toi­let fa­cil­i­ties, op­er­ate with lit­tle rest un­til they reach their des­ti­na­tion, and are some­times watched over by an armed guard.

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