PM re­it­er­ates twopronged strat­egy to deal with LWE


Ad­dress­ing a Con­fer­ence of Chief Min­is­ters on In­ter­nal Se­cu­rity, Prime Min­is­ter Dr Man­mo­han Singh called for co­or­di­nated ef­forts on the part of the Cen­tre and the states to deal with the Naxal men­ace. He said: “We are meet­ing in the af­ter­math of the bru­tal and in­hu­man at­tack by left-wing ex­trem­ists (LWE) on Congress lead­ers and work­ers and their se­cu­rity per­son­nel in Ch­hatis­garh a few days back. Such vi­o­lence has no place in our democ­racy.”

The chal­lenge of Nax­al­ism, he men­tioned, has re­ceived the govern­ment’s se­ri­ous at­ten­tion for quite some time now. “We have adopted a two-pronged strat­egy to deal with the chal­lenge: con­duct­ing proac­tive and sus­tained op­er­a­tions against Maoist ex­trem­ists; and, ad­dress­ing de­vel­op­ment and gov­er­nance is­sues in left-wing ex­trem­ism-af­fected ar­eas. Th­ese in­clude strength­en­ing the se­cu­rity ap­pa­ra­tus, im­prov­ing road con­nec­tiv­ity in 34 most left-wing ex­trem­ist-af­fected dis­tricts, re­lax­ation of norms of var­i­ous de­vel­op­ment schemes in the af­fected ar­eas, and the In­te­grated Ac­tion Plan for 82 se­lected tribal and back­ward dis­tricts.”

I must also em­pha­sise here that the two-pronged strat­egy that we have fol­lowed so far needs to be strength­ened and pur­sued with rigour. Even as we in­ten­sify our ef­forts to strengthen the se­cu­rity and in­tel­li­gence ap­pa­ra­tus in ar­eas af­fected by Maoist vi­o­lence, we should be able to en­sure that peo­ple re­sid­ing in left-wing ex­trem­ista ffected ar­eas are able to live in an en­vi­ron­ment of peace and se­cu­rity and de­rive full ben­e­fits of our de­vel­op­ment ef­forts.”

J&K Sit­u­a­tion

“The year 2012 saw a sig­nif­i­cant im­prove­ment in the se­cu­rity sit­u­a­tion in Jammu and Kash­mir. Our strat­egy to pre­vent cross-bor­der in­fil­tra­tion by mil­i­tants and our in­tel­li­gence-based counter-ter­ror­ism op­er­a­tions in Jammu and Kash­mir have re­sulted in a de­cline in the level of ter­ror­ist vi­o­lence by about one-third in 2012 as com­pared to 2011. In fact, ter­ror­ist vi­o­lence pa­ram­e­ters in 2012 have been the low­est since the up­surge in ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties two decades ago.

Com­plex Sit­u­a­tion in North­east

The se­cu­rity sit­u­a­tion in the North­east con­tin­ues to be com­plex, with in­sur­gency, ex­tor­tion and ag­i­ta­tions be­ing the main dis­rup­tive ele­ments in the hands of the in­sur­gents. How­ever, there has been con­sid­er­able progress in dia­logue with sev­eral in­sur­gent and eth­nic sep­a­ratist groups in the North­east­ern re­gion. A me­moran­dum of un­der­stand­ing has been signed with both fac­tions of Dima Halam Dao­gah of Dima Hasao in As­sam. Three Metei in­sur­gent groups have signed a me­moran­dum of un­der­stand­ing in Fe­bru­ary 2013. Talks with the National So­cial­ist Coun­cil of Na­ga­land are con­tin­u­ing.

The Gorkha­land Ter­ri­to­rial Ad­min­is­tra­tion (GTA) has been set up as an au­ton­o­mous body in Au­gust 2012 to ad­min­is­ter the Gorkha­land re­gion and en­sure its all-round de­vel­op­ment. The Cen­tre is com­mit­ted to pro­vid­ing fi­nan­cial as­sis­tance of ` 200 crore per an­num for three years for projects aimed at de­vel­op­ing the so­cioe­co­nomic in­fra­struc­ture in the GTA ar­eas.

Crimes against Women and Chil­dren

The sec­ond is­sue which re­quires our col­lec­tive ac­tion is that of crimes against women and chil­dren. We have re­cently en­acted sev­eral laws pro­vid­ing strin­gent pun­ish­ment for such crimes and more sen­si­tive treat­ment of vic­tims dur­ing in­ves­ti­ga­tion and trial. Th­ese in­clude the Crim­i­nal Law (Amend­ment) Act, 2013; the Sex­ual Ha­rass­ment of Women at Work­place (Preven­tion, Pro­hi­bi­tion and Re­dres­sal) Act, 2013 and the Pro­tec­tion of Chil­dren from Sex­ual Of­fenses Act, 2012.

Ca­pac­ity build­ing and mod­erni­sa­tion of state po­lice forces are absolutely es­sen­tial for meet­ing the emerg­ing chal­lenges to in­ter­nal se­cu­rity which range from ter­ror­ism to ur­ban polic­ing. The Cen­tre re­mains com­mit­ted to sup­port­ing States in this re­gard. The scheme for mod­erni­sa­tion of state po­lice forces has been ex­tended for a fur­ther pe­riod of five years with a to­tal out­lay of about ` 12,000 crore. An amount of ` 433 crore has been ad­di­tion­ally pro­vided for Mega City Polic­ing in the six cities of Kolkata, Mum­bai, Chen­nai, Ben­galuru, Ahmed­abad and Hyderabad.

I also be­lieve that time has now come to view the chal­lenges of ter­ror­ism, com­mu­nal vi­o­lence and left-wing ex­trem­ism in a holis­tic man­ner. I think each one of us needs to be com­pletely ob­jec­tive in our ap­proach to th­ese is­sues, act­ing in national in­ter­est ris­ing above nar­row po­lit­i­cal and ide­o­log­i­cal di­vides. I would ap­peal to all po­lit­i­cal par­ties and all sec­tions of so­ci­ety to work to­gether to find ef­fec­tive ways and means of meet­ing th­ese grave chal­lenges.

The Home Min­is­ter Sushilku­mar Shinde said the in­ter­nal se­cu­rity sit­u­a­tion in the coun­try dur­ing the year 2012-13 has re­mained largely un­der con­trol, with Jammu and Kash­mir par­tic­u­larly show­ing marked im­prove­ment since 2010. In the cur­rent year, there have been two ma­jor bomb blasts, first in Hyderabad and sec­ond in Ben­galuru. Though, there was no ca­su­alty in the in­ci­dent at Ben­galuru, 18 in­no­cent per­sons lost their lives in the Hyderabad bomb blast.

At the same time, In­dia con­tin­ues to face se­ri­ous chal­lenges to its in­ter­nal se­cu­rity sce­nario from Je­hadi ter­ror­ists. It has been no­ticed that the ter­ror groups are tak­ing ad­van­tage of com­mu­ni­ca­tion chan­nels which have be­come more so­phis­ti­cated over a pe­riod of time. From mo­bile phones, ter­ror­ists to­day have moved on to use of satel­lite phones, Thu­raya sets, use of spoofed IDs and coded trans­ac­tions over e-mail and chat ses­sions, be­sides voice over In­ter­net pro­to­col to com­mu­ni­cate across the bor­der.

Je­hadi tanzeems in Pak­istan with af­fil­i­a­tion to LeT, JeM and IM have set up chan­nels for trans­fer of funds from Pak­istan to In­dia via Gulf and Nepal, be­sides us­ing Western Union Money Trans­fer and Hawala chan­nel. More­over, ex-SIMI cadres and sim­i­lar mil­i­tant ele­ments based in Gulf have also been ob­served col­lect­ing money for caus­ing de­struc­tion in In­dia. How­ever, the cross bor­der ter­ror­ist in­fra­struc­ture is in­tact. The train­ing camps con­tinue – as do the in­fil­tra­tion at­tempts. Nepal route con­tin­ues to be ex­ploited for in­fil­tra­tion of mil­i­tants.

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