Home Min­is­ter lists out se­cu­rity ini­tia­tives taken dur­ing the year


The Home Min­is­ter, Sushil Kumar Shinde who has com­pleted one year as Home Min­is­ter, in his re­port has listed out var­i­ous ini­tia­tives taken by the min­istry to en­sure that In­dia be­comes a se­cure na­tion. With re­gard to in­ter­nal se­cu­rity, he said that ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties in the hin­ter­land con­tinue to re­main a threat. Dur­ing the pe­riod from Au­gust 2012 to July 2013, four in­ci­dents of bomb blasts took place. In 2013, there have been three in­ci­dents of bomb blasts: first in Hyderabad in which 17 per­sons died, the sec­ond in Ben­galuru in which there was no ca­su­alty and the third in Bodh Gaya in which no ca­su­alty was re­ported. We have agreed to the re­quest of the Bi­har Chief Min­is­ter for hand­ing over the se­cu­rity of Bodh Gaya Com­plex to Cen­tral in­dus­trial Se­cu­rity Force (CISF).

The National In­ves­ti­gat­ing Agency (NIA) has been asked/ en­trusted to in­ves­ti­gate 30 cases re­lat­ing to ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties/bomb blasts. Out of th­ese 30 cases, the govern­ment has is­sued sanc­tion of pros­e­cu­tion in 19 cases. Also dur­ing this pe­riod, two NIA Spe­cial Courts have been no­ti­fied by the Min­istry of Home Af­fairs (MHA).

North­east ini­tia­tives

He said that in July 2012, an un­for­tu­nate in­ci­dent of vi­o­lence took place be­tween two com­mu­ni­ties in July. More than 4.85 lakh per­sons, who were stay­ing in 340 camps due to vi­o­lence, were re­ha­bil­i­tated and all camps were closed by March 31, 2013. Talks on the de­mands of ULFA are be­ing held on reg­u­lar ba­sis. Talks with NDFB (P) are con­tin­u­ing. Talks with NDFB (RD Group) are also con­tin­u­ing.

In Megha­laya, he said an agree­ment has been reached with the Achik National Vol­un­teer Coun­cil (ANVC) mainly en­hanc­ing au­ton­omy of the ex­ist­ing Garo Hills Au­ton­o­mous Dis­trict Coun­cil in Megha­laya. The agree­ment is be­ing placed be­fore the govern­ment for ap­proval. In Ma­nipur, a new spe­cial scheme for sur­ren­der-cum­re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion of mil­i­tants in the state of Ma­nipur has been framed and im­ple­mented from De­cem­ber 1, 2012. The ben­e­fits/in­cen­tives in­clude im­me­di­ate grant of ` 2.5 lakh, monthly stipend of ` 4000 for 36 months, in­cen­tives for sur­ren­dered weapons, im­part­ing vo­ca­tional train­ing to those sur­ren­der­ing and es­tab­lish­ment of re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion camps. Three Meitei in­sur­gent groups in Ma­nipur have signed a me­moran­dum of un­der­stand­ing (MoU) with the Govern­ment of In­dia and the state govern­ment of Ma­nipur and laid down their arms.

Left-Wing Ex­trem­ism

The Min­is­ter said in the cur­rent year (up to June 30), 591 in­ci­dents of LWE vi­o­lence oc­curred with 202 re­sul­tant deaths, as against 883 in­ci­dents with 245 deaths re­ported dur­ing the cor­re­spond­ing pe­riod of 2012. Con­struc­tion/strength­en­ing of For­ti­fied Po­lice Sta­tions Scheme is un­der im­ple­men­ta­tion in LWE af­fected states, un­der which 400 po­lice sta­tions/out­posts have been sanc­tioned in the 9 LWE af­fected states at ` 2 crore per po­lice sta­tion on 80:20 (Cen­tre share: state share) ba­sis. Un­der the scheme, an amount of ` 370 crore have so far been re­leased to nine naxal af­fected states. The con­struc­tion work has started in al­most 300 lo­ca­tions. Keep­ing in view the preva­lence of us­age of im­pro­vised ex­plo­sive de­vices (IEDs) by the CPI (Maoist) and the re­sul­tant dam­age in­volved in such in­ci­dents, a stan­dard op­er­at­ing pro­ce­dure (SOP) on is­sues re­lated to ex­plo­sives/IEDs/land­mines in naxal af­fected ar­eas has been pre­pared in con­sul­ta­tion with agen­cies con­cerned and has been shared with LWE af­fected states and CAPFs in June 2013.

Se­cu­rity Sit­u­a­tion in Jammu and Kash­mir

“The se­cu­rity sit­u­a­tion in J&K has im­proved,” he said. The num­ber of ter­ror­ist in­ci­dents upto June this year has de­clined over the pre­vi­ous year. There is how­ever in­crease in the ca­su­al­ties of se­cu­rity forces as well as in ca­su­al­i­ties of the civil­ians. In a ma­jor set­back to the ter­ror­ists, Army and se­cu­rity forces, in joint op­er­a­tions in De­cem­ber 2012 elim­i­nated 14 ter­ror­ists (in­clud­ing eight for­eign ter­ror­ists) op­er­at­ing in Jammu and Kash­mir.

Coastal se­cu­rity

The MHA has been im­ple­ment­ing Coastal Se­cu­rity Scheme in phases (Phase-I -2005-11 and Phase-II – 2011–15) with a view to strengthen the in­fra­struc­ture of the Marine Po­lice Force and pa­trolling and sur­veil­lance of coastal ar­eas, par­tic­u­larly shal­low ar­eas close to the coast. The scheme also aims at es­tab­lish­ing in­sti­tu­tional ar­range­ments at state and dis­trict level for co­or­di­na­tion among var­i­ous agen­cies in­clud­ing the Coast Guard and the Navy. Un­der the PhaseII of the Scheme (over a pe­riod of five years at a cost of ` 1,580 crore), it has been pro­posed to pro­vide 131 Marine Po­lice Sta­tions, 60 jet­ties, 10 Marine Op­er­a­tion Cen­tres, 150 boats (12 tonnes), 20 boats (5 tonnes), 20 (19 m) boats, 35 rigid in­flat­able boats, 10 large ves­sels (for An­daman and Ni­co­bar Is­lands), 131 four wheel­ers and 242 mo­tor­cy­cles. Against an al­lo­ca­tion of ` 1,580 crore for five years un­der PhaseII, ` 97.57 crore has al­ready been re­leased to coastal states/union ter­ri­to­ries (UTs) for start­ing the con­struc­tion work, pur­chase of ve­hi­cles and op­er­a­tional­i­sa­tion of coastal po­lice sta­tions.

Bor­der se­cu­rity is­sues

The Min­is­ter said that the govern­ment has sanc­tioned 27 ITBP pri­or­ity roads along Indo-China bor­der to­talling 805 km, against which 564.90 km for­ma­tion and 273.61 km sur­fac­ing has been com­pleted. Against the sanc­tioned 3,359.59 km of fenc­ing along Indo-Bangladesh bor­der, 2,784.41 km of fenc­ing has been com­pleted. Against the sanc­tioned 2,840.90 km of flood­light­ing along Indo-Bangladesh bor­der, 1,535 km of flood light­ing has been com­pleted. Against the sanc­tioned 4,407.11 km of roads along Indo-Bangladesh bor­der, 3,585.53 km has been com­pleted. The govern­ment has sanc­tioned 2,043.63 km of fenc­ing along Indo-Pak­istan bor­der, out of which 1,958.50 km has been com­pleted. Sim­i­larly, of the 2,009.52 km of flood­light­ing along Indo-Pak bor­der, 1,900.92 km has been com­pleted.

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