In­dia fac­ing mul­ti­far­i­ous in­ter­nal se­cu­rity chal­lenges: Home Min­is­ter


The Union Home Min­is­ter Sushilku­mar Shinde, who in­au­gu­rated the three day con­fer­ence of Di­rec­tors Gen­eral of Po­lice (DGPs) in New Delhi re­cently, said that In­dia is fac­ing mul­ti­far­i­ous chal­lenges on the in­ter­nal se­cu­rity front in the form of mil­i­tancy in J&K, in­sur­gency in some parts of the North­east, the threat of left-wing ex­trem­ism (LWE) and ter­ror­ism in hin­ter­land of the coun­try.

“In­dian Mu­jahid­deen, which draws its mo­ti­va­tion and sus­te­nance from in­im­i­cal forces op­er­at­ing from across the western bor­der has been re­spon­si­ble for three out of four ma­jor ter­ror­ist at­tacks in our hin­ter­land this year. Th­ese in­clude Hy­der­abad twin blasts and the se­ries of blasts at Bod­hgaya and Patna. Another blast that took place in Ben­galuru was the hand­i­work of some mis­guided fun­da­men­tal­ist youth and rem­nants of Al-Ummah. How­ever, I am happy to in­form you that all th­ese cases have been suc­cess­fully worked out. I com­pli­ment of­fi­cers of in­tel­li­gence agen­cies and po­lice forces for hav­ing made crit­i­cal break­throughs in this re­gard. Here, I would like to make a spe­cial men­tion of the apprehension of Yasin Bhatkal who was wanted in a large num­ber of cases of bomb blasts in dif­fer­ent parts of the coun­try. Our se­cu­rity agen­cies have also ar­rested Ab­dul Karim, also known as Tunda, a wanted ter­ror­ist in dif­fer­ent bomb blast cases. Th­ese ar­rests con­sti­tute a ma­jor break­through in our fight against the ter­ror­ism and demon­strate the re­solve of the Gov­ern­ment of In­dia to bring to jus­tice all those who com­mit crimes of ter­ror­ism in our coun­try. It is im­por­tant that the leads em­a­nat­ing from the in­ves­ti­ga­tions are vig­or­ously pur­sued to ap­pre­hend all those as­so­ci­ated with this net­work. Our se­cu­rity forces have to re­main con­stantly alert and act in a co­he­sive man­ner to deal with th­ese chal­lenges.

“In our fight against ter­ror­ism, the Multi Agency Cen­tre (MAC) has emerged as an ef­fec­tive plat­form for proper co­or­di­na­tion be­tween Cen­tral and State agen­cies. The scope of MAC is now be­ing ex­tended to more than 450 dis­tricts across the coun­try. I be­lieve there is a dire need for up­ward flow of in­tel­li­gence into MAC for dis­sem­i­na­tion to stake­hold­ers, which can be achieved by up­grad­ing the ca­pa­bil­ity of spe­cial branches of state po­lice. This is only pos­si­ble if states up­grade their spe­cial branches for which Gov­ern­ment of In­dia is pre­pared to ex­tend all pos­si­ble help.

Left-wing ex­trem­ism re­mains another ma­jor threat to our na­tional se­cu­rity. De­spite re­duc­tion in vi­o­lence lev­els, nax­als have con­tin­ued to tar­get se­cu­rity forces and those repos­ing faith in our demo­cratic polity. The at­tack on po­lit­i­cal lead­ers in Ch­hat­tis­garh and the killing of a Su­per­in­ten­dent of Po­lice in Dumka dis­trict of Jhark­hand are in­stances of Naxal bru­tal­ity. Cen­tral and state se­cu­rity forces, how­ever, have achieved no­table suc­cesses in re­strict­ing their ar­eas of in­flu­ence, deny­ing them fresh re­cruits and erod­ing their top lead­er­ship. There has also been a drop in the ca­su­alty fig­ure of se­cu­rity forces from 111 last year to 97 this year. On the other hand, the num­ber of Nax­als killed has gone up to 97 from 71 last year for the same pe­riod. “The Union Gov­ern­ment re­mains com­mit­ted to root out this men­ace. It will con­tinue to help the af­fected states by plac­ing at their dis­posal CAPFs and sup­port var­i­ous se­cu­rity as well as de­vel­op­ment re­lated in­ter­ven­tions in Naxal ar­eas. How­ever, the driv­ing force to deal with this prob­lem must come from lo­cal ini­tia­tives led by the States. The in­sti­tu­tion of po­lice sta­tions must be strength­ened to play a fo­cal role in this fight. It is also im­per­a­tive to re­cruit per­son­nel for spe­cial forces from lo­cal marginalised sec­tions of the so­ci­ety. They would need to be trained and equipped for jun­gle war­fare and put un­der com­mand of the in­spir­ing po­lice lead­er­ship.

“The sit­u­a­tion in Jammu and Kash­mir ( J&K) con­tin­ues to be a chal­lenge for us. This year, there has been an in­crease in tar­geted at­tacks on se­cu­rity forces re­sult­ing in nearly 50 per­son­nel los­ing their lives. Th­ese at­tacks in­di­cate a ne­far­i­ous game plan hatched across the bor­der to de­mor­alise our se­cu­rity forces and demon­strate to the peo­ple of J&K that the ca­pa­bil­i­ties of mil­i­tants re­main undi­min­ished. There have also been vi­o­lent ac­tions and cease­fire vi­o­la­tions along the bor­der, par­tic­u­larly in Poonch dis­trict of Jammu re­gion. Our se­cu­rity forces have re­sponded in right mea­sure and suc­ceeded in neu­tral­is­ing sev­eral mil­i­tant com­man­ders and elim­i­nat­ing 35 ter­ror­ists on the line of con­trol (LoC) this year. Se­cu­rity forces, how­ever, can­not af­ford to lower their guard, par­tic­u­larly in view of Lok Sabha and As­sem­bly elec­tions next year. A fine bal­ance needs to be main­tained by them be­tween firm han­dling of ter­ror­ism and ad­e­quate re­straint in pub­lic or­der sit­u­a­tions. This is im­por­tant to limit civil­ian ca­su­al­ties and to deny space to sep­a­ratist el­e­ments for fo­ment­ing fur­ther dis­tur­bances.”

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