Tech­nolo­gies help­ing in in­ter­nal se­cu­rity


Law en­force­ment of­fi­cers across the US are adapt­ing to new tech­nolo­gies which aim to im­prove ef­fi­ciency and ac­cu­racy on the job. The aver­age po­lice car is now equipped with a lap­top which pro­vides ac­cess to na­tional crim­i­nal data­bases, por­ta­ble fin­ger­print scan­ners, Breath­a­lyzer units, au­to­matic li­cence-plate-read­ers, and even print­ers that can print out a ci­ta­tion ticket.

NBC News re­ports that law en­force­ment of­fi­cers are re­ly­ing more on data carry out daily tasks more ef­fec­tively. Be­fore leav­ing the sta­tion for pa­trol, many of­fi­cers are pro­vided with com­pre­hen­sive real-time data on wanted sus­pects, crime hotspots, and trends. “They have spe­cific di­rec­tions on where to go and what and who to look for,” says Los Angeles Po­lice Depart­ment Com­man­der Andrew Smith.

Com­mu­ni­ca­tion meth­ods — e-mail, chat, tex­ting, and so­cial me­dia — have pro­vided law en­force­ment of­fi­cers more re­sources for ev­i­dence gath­er­ing. The crimes of­fi­cers are re­spond­ing to have also evolved due to tech­nol­ogy. The pub­lic ex­po­sure to per­sonal data and the In­ter­net has widened the crim­i­nal meth­ods of street gangs, or­gan­ised crime, and ter­ror groups. Iden­tify theft and credit card fraud are fol­lowed by so­phis­ti­cated meth­ods of com­mit­ting tra­di­tional crimes like pros­ti­tu­tion and sex traf­fick­ing via so­cial me­dia and In­ter­net sites. Com­pre­hen­sive and de­tailed data in the hands of law en­force­ment have al­lowed for the de­vel­op­ment of pre­dic­tive polic­ing, an ap­proached based on the idea that data fu­elled soft­ware will pre­dict crimes based on trends and sta­tis­tics.

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