Pak­istan for­mu­lates in­ter­nal se­cu­rity pol­icy


Pak­istan has for­mu­lated its first ever Na­tional In­ter­nal Se­cu­rity Pol­icy (NISP) to pro­tect na­tional in­ter­ests by ad­dress­ing crit­i­cal se­cu­rity is­sues as well as con­cerns of the na­tion. It is based upon prin­ci­ples of mu­tual in­clu­sive­ness and in­te­gra­tion of all na­tional ef­forts and in­cludes three el­e­ments viz, (i) dia- logue with all stake­hold­ers, (ii) isolation of ter­ror­ists from their sup­port sys­tems, (iii) en­hanc­ing de­ter­rence and ca­pac­ity of the se­cu­rity ap­pa­ra­tus to neu­tralise the threats to in­ter­nal se­cu­rity of Pak­istan. This re­quires in­te­grated ef­forts through an in­sti­tu­tion­alised mon­i­tor­ing frame­work un­der demo­cratic lead­er­ship to elicit sup­port and co­op­er­a­tion of lo­cal and in­ter­na­tional stake­hold­ers.

The pol­icy said that global ter­ror­ism and armed con­flict in Afghanistan have changed the in­ter­nal se­cu­rity par­a­digm of Pak­istan. Pak­istan’s econ­omy has suf­fered a loss of more than $ 78 bil­lion in last 10 years only. More than 50,000 Pak­ista­nis, in­clud­ing civil­ian, armed forces and law-en­force­ment agencies (LEAs) per­son­nel, were af­fected or sac­ri­ficed their lives. This chal­lenges the re­solve and re­silience of people of Pak­istan for peace.

The in­ter­nal se­cu­rity en­vi­ron­ment is dom­i­nated by non-tra­di­tional threats of ex­trem­ism, sec­tar­i­an­ism, ter­ror­ism and mil­i­tancy. In present form, the in­ter­nal se­cu­rity ap­pa­ra­tus is in­ad­e­quately equipped and enor­mously strained to tackle these threats. This elu­ci­dates the dire need for a com­pre­hen­sive and in­clu­sive re­sponse plan, as no sin­gle state agency is ca­pa­ble of deal­ing with such threats on its own.

In its scope it said that it is crit­i­cal to de­fine the com­pos­ite pic­ture con­cern­ing threats to the na­tional se­cu­rity, NISP es­sen­tially re­mains fo­cused on in­ter­nal se­cu­rity, (NIS) par­a­digm. How­ever, this would be in­com­plete with­out iden­ti­fy­ing its link­ages with the ex­ter­nal diplo­matic ini­tia­tives and var­i­ous other di­men­sions of hu­man se­cu­rity, in some parts of the coun­try hos­tile net­works have also chal­lenged the writ of the state. Nonethe­less, na­tional se­cu­rity ap­pa­ra­tus in­clud­ing the Min­istry of De­fence (MoD) is deal­ing with this sit­u­a­tion un­der po­lit­i­cal over­sight. Other, rel­e­vant state in­sti­tu­tions will ad­dress so­cial, eco­nomic, en­vi­ron­men­tal and ex­ter­nal se­cu­rity as­pects.

The pol­icy vi­sion is to cre­ate a safe en­vi­ron­ment where life, property, civil lib­er­ties and so­cio-eco­nomic rights of the cit­i­zens are pro­tected and the people of Pak­istan are able to live and pros­per in har­mony, free­dom, re­spect and dig­nity as en­shrined in the Con­sti­tu­tion of Pak­istan.

Pak­istan is fac­ing se­ri­ous tra­di­tional and non-tra­di­tional threats of vi­o­lent ex­trem­ism, sec­tar­i­an­ism, ter­ror­ism and mil­i­tancy. This has ad­versely af­fected eco­nomic sta­bil­ity and so­cial har­mony and continues to in­stil a sense of in­se­cu­rity among the people at large.

The wide­spread spec­trum of in­ter­nal threats is a crit­i­cal im­ped­i­ment to eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment and so­cial co­he­sion. Tra­di­tion­ally, the en­tire in­ter­nal se­cu­rity ap­pa­ra­tus acts in a re­ac­tive rather than proac­tive man­ner.

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