Sushma Swaraj

Min­is­ter of Ex­ter­nal Af­fairs and Over­seas In­dian Af­fairs


Sushma Swaraj (born Fe­bru­ary 14, 1952) is In­dia’s first woman Ex­ter­nal Af­fairs Min­is­ter. She has been elected seven times as a Mem­ber of Par­lia­ment and three times as a Mem­ber of the Leg­isla­tive As­sem­bly. She is an ad­vo­cate by pro­fes­sion and ed­u­cated at S.D. Col­lege, Am­bala Cantt (Haryana) and Law Depart­ment, Pan­jab Univer­sity, Chandigarh.

Sushma Swaraj be­gan her po­lit­i­cal ca­reer with the Akhil Bharatiya Vid­yarthi Par­ishad in the 1970s. She was Union Cab­i­net Min­is­ter for In­for­ma­tion and Broad­cast­ing in the first Atal Bi­hari Va­j­payee Govern­ment in 1996. In the sec­ond Va­j­payee Govern­ment, she was Cab­i­net Min­is­ter for In­for­ma­tion and Broad­cast­ing with additional charge of the Min­istry of Telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions from March 19 to Oc­to­ber 12, 1998. She re­signed from the Union Cab­i­net to take over as the first woman Chief Min­is­ter of Delhi in Oc­to­ber 1998. She re­signed her As­sem­bly seat to re­turn to na­tional pol­i­tics and was Min­is­ter of Health, Fam­ily Wel­fare and Par­lia­men­tary Af­fairs from Jan­uary 2003 un­til May 2004.

She won the 2009 elec­tion to the 15th Lok Sabha from the Vidisha Lok Sabha con­stituency in Mad­hya Pradesh and be­came Leader of Op­po­si­tion. She was re-elected from Vidisha in 2014.

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