MHA pro­poses in­ves­tiga­tive units on crimes against women


The Min­istry of Home Af­fairs (MHA) pro­poses to set up In­ves­tiga­tive Units on Crimes against Women (IUCAW), in 20 per cent of the dis­tricts of each state on a 50:50 cost shar­ing ba­sis with the states. The Union Home Min­is­ter Ra­j­nath Singh has writ­ten to the Chief Min­is­ter of the States that there is a need to strengthen var­i­ous el­e­ments of the crim­i­nal jus­tice sys­tem, namely, in­ves­ti­ga­tion, pros­e­cu­tion and tri­als by courts to deal with the is­sue of rise of crimes against women.

The MHA has pro­posed to set up 150 such IUCAW units ini­tially on pi­lot ba­sis in most crime prone dis­tricts of each state. Elab­o­rat­ing the IUCAW, the Home Min­is­ter men­tioned that th­ese units may con­sist of 15 per­son­nel, prefer­ably five of them women. The states will have full flex­i­bil­ity on whether to cre­ate new posts or to des­ig­nate from the ex­ist­ing strength. Each IUCAW will be headed by an of­fi­cer of the rank of Ad­di­tional Su­per­in­ten­dent of Po­lice as­sisted by two Deputy Su­per­in­ten­dents of Po­lice. Out of the to­tal 2,250 per­son­nel re­quired for the 150 IUCAWs, 750 will be women. This will in­volve a to­tal ex­pen­di­ture of ` 84 crore an­nu­ally, out of which half will be pro­vided by the Cen­tre.

Ra­j­nath Singh men­tioned that the ob­jec­tive of th­ese units will be to in­ves­ti­gate cases re­ferred to them, aug­ment the in­ves­tiga­tive ma­chin­ery of the states in relation to the heinous crimes against women, es­pe­cially rape, dowry death, acid at­tack and hu­man trafficking, and also in­stil con­fi­dence and en­cour­age women to come for­ward and lodge their com­plaint and im­prove the gen­der ra­tio in the state po­lice forces which is ad­versely im­pact­ing ef­fec­tive im­ple­men­ta­tion of the leg­is­la­tions re­lat­ing to women. Be­sides, th­ese units will have the ad­di­tional func­tion­al­ity of proac­tive polic­ing, in­tel­li­gence gath­er­ing, tack­ling or­gan­ised crime, mon­i­tor­ing proper im­ple­men­ta­tion of the leg­isla­tive pro­vi­sions, help­ing aware­ness gen­er­a­tion and pro­mo­tion of so­cial par­tic­i­pa­tion in check­ing crimes against women.

The Home Min­is­ter men­tioned that th­ese mea­sures will help in en­sur­ing higher con­vic­tion rate in dif­fer­ent states to check crimes against women and hu­man trafficking.

Ra­j­nath Singh has also ad­vised the states to set up sep­a­rate fast track courts to deal with th­ese cases ex­pe­di­tiously. He has also as­sured all pos­si­ble as­sis­tance to the states in tam­ing the men­ace of crimes against women.

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