Coastal surveillance and security
Consequently, a comprehensive coastal surveillance project for coastal radar network along the Indian coastline was formulated for beefing up of coastal security, including the littoral nations such as Bangladesh and Maldives
[ By Rear Admiral Sushil Ramsay (Retd)
In the aftermath of Kargil operations in July 1999, a high-powered committee designated as the Group of Ministers was formed under the chairmanship of the then Home Minister L.K. Advani with the main charter of “Reforming the National Security System”. The Group of Ministers in their report commented on coastal security by stating that the concept of border security has undergone a sea change with the growing vulnerability of the coastline and also of the airspace of states and island territories.
Division of Responsibility
] There is a multi-tier arrangement for maritime security, involving the Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard (ICG) and the concerned marine police. Coastal patrolling is done by the State Marine Police whose jurisdiction extends up to 12 nautical miles (about 22 km), ICG functions between 12 and 200 nautical miles (about 22 km to 370 km), which is the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and the Indian Navy extends beyond 200 nautical miles. Aerial surveillance is carried out by the Indian Navy and the ICG.
Coastal Security Scheme (CSS)
To strengthen coastal security, a CSS was formulated to cover nine coastal states and four Union Territories (UTs). Phase-I of the scheme was approved in January 2005 for implementation in five years from the year 2005-06 and extended for one year till March 31, 2011. The scheme included 73 coastal police stations, 120 x 12 tonne and 84 x 5 tonne vessels, 10 rubber inflated boats especially for Goa, apart from accommodation and other administrative equipment. The scheme stands completed on March 31, 2011.