Coastal sur­veil­lance and se­cu­rity

Con­se­quently, a com­pre­hen­sive coastal sur­veil­lance project for coastal radar net­work along the In­dian coast­line was for­mu­lated for beef­ing up of coastal se­cu­rity, in­clud­ing the lit­toral na­tions such as Bangladesh and Mal­dives


[ By Rear Ad­mi­ral Sushil Ram­say (Retd)

In the af­ter­math of Kargil op­er­a­tions in July 1999, a high-pow­ered com­mit­tee des­ig­nated as the Group of Min­is­ters was formed un­der the chair­man­ship of the then Home Min­is­ter L.K. Ad­vani with the main charter of “Re­form­ing the Na­tional Se­cu­rity Sys­tem”. The Group of Min­is­ters in their re­port com­mented on coastal se­cu­rity by stat­ing that the con­cept of bor­der se­cu­rity has un­der­gone a sea change with the grow­ing vul­ner­a­bil­ity of the coast­line and also of the airspace of states and is­land ter­ri­to­ries.

Divi­sion of Re­spon­si­bil­ity

] There is a multi-tier ar­range­ment for mar­itime se­cu­rity, in­volv­ing the In­dian Navy, In­dian Coast Guard (ICG) and the con­cerned marine police. Coastal pa­trolling is done by the State Marine Police whose ju­ris­dic­tion ex­tends up to 12 nau­ti­cal miles (about 22 km), ICG func­tions be­tween 12 and 200 nau­ti­cal miles (about 22 km to 370 km), which is the exclusive eco­nomic zone (EEZ) and the In­dian Navy ex­tends be­yond 200 nau­ti­cal miles. Aerial sur­veil­lance is car­ried out by the In­dian Navy and the ICG.

Coastal Se­cu­rity Scheme (CSS)

To strengthen coastal se­cu­rity, a CSS was for­mu­lated to cover nine coastal states and four Union Ter­ri­to­ries (UTs). Phase-I of the scheme was ap­proved in Jan­uary 2005 for im­ple­men­ta­tion in five years from the year 2005-06 and ex­tended for one year till March 31, 2011. The scheme in­cluded 73 coastal police sta­tions, 120 x 12 tonne and 84 x 5 tonne ves­sels, 10 rub­ber in­flated boats es­pe­cially for Goa, apart from ac­com­mo­da­tion and other ad­min­is­tra­tive equip­ment. The scheme stands com­pleted on March 31, 2011.

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