VIEWPOINT: EXPRESSWAY LANDINGS BY ACM FALI H. MAJOR (RETD)
Air operations from expressways and highways have combat potential and other spin-offs
The recent Air Operations on the Agra-Lucknow Expressway by IAF fighter and transport aircraft was indeed a very well planned and executed operation to showcase the the versatility and capability of IAF platforms, the flexibility of IAF planning and most importantly, the flying skills displayed by the aircrew. This spectacular display by the IAF not only enthralled all Indians, but also sent out a very clear message of IAF’s capabilities and combat edge.
While it is common knowledge that Expressway/Highway landings and take offs by many air forces around the world as a runway denial/closure/damage contingency training by fighter aircraft is carried out often; it is the simulated Assault landing/takeoff by the IAF C-130 for infiltrating Special Forces and then exfiltrating them on completion of their assigned op task that has added an entirely new dimension to these air operations. Another advantage of dispersed area operations by military aircraft is to minimise losses, since regular air force bases are always on the target list of enemy air and missile forces. A dispersed launch of strike missions and airborne operations from identified stretches of expressways/ highways will always have the advantage of surprise and flexibility of operations.
In our context, given the vast expanse of our Country and a paucity of airfields in the far corners, expressway/highway transport peace time air operations from such locations during natural calamities and disaster relief contingencies would help immensely in speeding up relief operations and flying in emergency supplies in the disaster zone. Given the versatility & capability of newly inducted IAF transport aircraft assets like the C-130 and C-17 aircraft with their considerable load/range capacity, large scale & speedy relief operations are a distinct possibility. The IAF, I am sure, must have factored in such contingencies in their interaction and planning process with Highways Authority of India, State Governments & other agencies. These operations, coupled with Heliborne relief operations from there onwards, should become a SOP for all future HDR operations from earmarked stretches of expressways/highways in disaster areas where there are no airfields.
If we were to go beyond peace time expressway/highway transport air operations for HDR operations or recovery of stricken fighter aircraft, war time military aviation history is replete with other outof-the-box operations which achieved extraordinary results and strategic effects. The ‘Doolittle Raid’ on Tokyo by twenty eight B-25 bombers, albeit launched from the narrow confines of an aircraft carrier changed the course of WW II, and is an important example of such unorthodox air operations! Given the availability of suitable stretches of expressways/highways in the vicinity of our borders & with requisite training, there is a distinct possibility to position/deploy combat troops and military equipment speedily and in large numbers in conflict situations for quick and easy transit by helicopters/ vehicles to actual zones of conflict. The same could be achieved behind enemy lines in a benign air defence zone, if these special operations are planned and executed with precision. All such operations are fraught with dangers and the likelihood of losses, but distinctly possible under extraordinary circumstances. These would invariably be one-off operations, and difficult to be repeated.
Military aviation always demands innovations, unorthodox operations, grit and courage for any difficult air operation to be executed successfully. The IAF has made a fine beginning and in the days to come, will hone its skill levels to undertake and execute more complex dispersed operations.
(Top to bottom) Su-30MKI, Mirage 2000 and Jaguar during a landing operation at Agra-Lucknow Expressway
AIR CHIEF MARSHAL FALI.H. MAJOR (RETD)