Naval Com­bat Man­age­ment Sys­tems

Naval Com­bat Man­age­ment Sys­tem is a soft­ware-in­ten­sive sys­tem which has to be flex­i­ble enough to op­er­ate in a com­plex naval bat­tle en­vi­ron­ment

SP's NavalForces - - FRONT PAGE - Lt Gen­eral Naresh Chand (Retd)

Naval Com­bat Man­age­ment Sys­tem is a soft­ware-in­ten­sive sys­tem which has to be flex­i­ble enough to op­er­ate in a com­plex naval bat­tle en­vi­ron­ment

ANAVAL COM­BAT MAN­AGE­MENT Sys­tem (NCMS) has to per­form the fol­low­ing key func­tions:

Sit­u­a­tional Aware­ness. To be aware of the bat­tle en­vi­ron­ment at sea which in­cludes sur­face, sub­sur­face and air. This is col­lected through sen­sors like radars, elec­troÐop­ti­cal sys­tems and sonar.

In­tel­li­gence. Con­vert the above in­for­ma­tion into ac­tion­able in­tel­li­gence by in­ter­pre­ta­tion, col­la­tion, eval­u­a­tion thereby pro­duc­ing a common op­er­a­tional pic­ture.

Plan­ning and decision-mak­ing. This step helps the com­man­ders to rapidly make an ac­tion­able plan for de­ci­sion­mak­ing and im­ple­men­ta­tion, in a rapidly chang­ing com­plex bat­tle en­vi­ron­ment.

Weapon sys­tems com­mand and con

trol. An ef­fec­tive NCMS will also di­rect weapon sen­sors and weapons to en­gage and de­stroy in­com­ing threat.

The above func­tions are car­ried by the NCMS through the crew, sen­sors and weapon sys­tems. The whole sys­tem could be part of the net­work-cen­tric war­fare (NCW) where each sys­tem be­comes a sep­a­rate node with sim­i­lar nodes on other ves­sels. NCW con­cept is more au­ton­o­mous than hier­ar­chi­cal. NCMS is a soft­ware-in­ten­sive sys­tem which has to be flex­i­ble enough to op­er­ate in a com­plex naval bat­tle en­vi­ron­ment, elec­tron­i­cally in­ter­act with other sub-sys­tems and be in­ter­op­er­a­ble with sys­tems of ves­sels of own navy as well navies of friendly coun­tries. It should be able to cope with mass in­for­ma­tion with min­i­mum crews. NCMS is sim­ple in con­cept but com­plex in de­sign­ing as it has to be tai­lor-made to suit the op­er­a­tional doc­trines and hard­ware held by a spe­cific navy. It should have open ar­chi­tec­ture to pro­vide flex­i­bil­ity. Some ex­am­ples of such sys­tems are given in suc­ceed­ing para­graphs.

Thales

Tac­ti­cos. ThalesÕan­swer to the naval com­bat man­age­ment sys­tem is the CMS fam­ily called Tac­ti­cos. It is a sin­gle CMS for com­bat and mar­itime se­cu­rity op­er­a­tions. With its cer­ti­fied open­ness and scal­a­bil­ity of the un­der­ly­ing ar­chi­tec­ture, Thales de­liv­ers a mod­u­lar Com­bat Man­age­ment Sys­tem, matched to mul­ti­ple mis­sion pro­files and to a va­ri­ety of ves­sel types. Open stan­dards tech­nol­ogy and a mas­sive amount of sub­sys­tems in­ter­face im­ple­men­ta­tions, make Tac­ti­cos the core of the mis­sion so­lu­tion. The lat­est ver­sion en­ables the navies to:

zzSet up net­works in coali­tions with se­cure In­ter­net ac­cess with ease. zz Rapidly recog­nise traf­fic trends and anoma­lous be­hav­iour. zz Iden­ti­fies re­la­tions be­tween con­tacts of in­ter­est emit­ting Au­to­matic Iden­ti­fi­ca­tion Sys­tem (AIS) and Au­to­matic De­pen­dant Surveil­lance-Broad­cast (ADS-B).

zzCom­pact and light-weight con­soles which can be fit­ted in large and small naval ves­sels.

zz3D net-cen­tric train­ing in­te­grated in Tac­ti­cos. The sys­tem op­er­ates through the Com- bat In­for­ma­tion Cen­ter (CIC) or Op­sRoom. Thales also as­sists their cus­tomers by de­sign­ing op­ti­mal lay­outs and ar­range­ments of th­ese rooms. In ad­di­tion Thales of­fers ded­i­cated mis­sion pack­ages such as Anti Air War­fare clus­ters, Fire Con­trol clus­ters and Tac­ti­cal datalink so­lu­tions. Tac­ti­cos tech­nol­ogy is used on board more than 160 ships (from small pa­trol craft to full-size frigates and de­stroy­ers) op­er­ated by 20 navies. Which in­clude the US Navy as well as navies in Asia, Europe, the Gulf re­gion, Latin Amer­ica, the Mid­dle East and North Africa.

Com­pact Sen­sor & Con­trol Sys­tem (CSCS). The Com­pact Sen­sor & Con­trol Sys­tem caters for the small ship mar­ket pro­vid­ing com­mand and con­trol and even AIS if re­quired. It can be in­te­grated with fire con­trol sys­tems in or­der to achieve full com­bat sys­tem ca­pa­bil­i­ties. It is based on open-stan­dards and ar­chi­tec­ture and uses COTS tech­nol­ogy.

Com­man­der C3. This is Marine Com­mand, Con­trol, and Com­mu­ni­ca­tions Sys­tem for non-Com­bat­ant ap­pli­ca­tions. It pro­vides seam­less near re­al­time shar­ing of the Common Op­er­at­ing pic­ture (con­tact data, mes­sages, and geo-ref­er­enced map over­lays) be­tween ves­sels, he­li­copters, and shore in­stal­la­tions. Com­man­der C3 also pro­vides gate­way in­ter­faces to achieve in­ter­op­er­abil­ity with ma­jor naval data link stan­dards. The sys­tem is ideal for both civil­ian and mil­i­tary users who re­quire an ef­fec­tive, af­ford­able so­lu­tion to ad­dress the tech­ni­cal and in­ter­op­er­abil­ity chal­lengse as­so­ci­ated with co­op­er­a­tion and co­or­di­na­tion of var­i­ous mar­itime agen­cies.

SAAB

A Saab 9LV CMS sys­tem comes with all the op­er­a­tional ca­pa­bil­ity and func­tion­al­ity re­quired by the shipÕs Com­mand which is well suited for all types of plat­forms rang­ing from small pa­trol ves­sels up to large frigates. Saab can in­te­grate any sub­sys­tem se­lected by the cus­tomer. Due to ef­fec­tive sit­u­a­tional aware­ness and rapid pre­ci­sion tac­ti­cal re­sponse in all war­fare do­mains, 9LV pro­vides the ship and the com­mand team with ef­fi­cient op­er­a­tional ca­pa­bil­i­ties in support of all mis­sion types, both in the open ocean as well as in lit­toral re­gions. It can also meet asym­met­ric threats, as well as mod­ern and es­ti­mated fu­ture threat types. It pro­vides a range of op­tions for in­te­gra­tion of the user in­ter­faces of equip­ment/sub-sys­tems, for ex­am­ple, through hosted ven­dor clients, web ser­vices, thin clients or ful­ly­in­te­grated hu­man ma­chine in­ter­faces. It also pro­vides touch-in­put dis­play with soft keys. It can eas­ily be in­te­grated with other sub-sys­tems like weapon sys­tems. A Saab 9LV CMS sys­tem comes with all the op­er­a­tional ca­pa­bil­ity and func­tion­al­ity re­quired by the shipÕs com­mand. There are more than 200 sys­tems in­stalled world­wide.

Lock­heed Martin

The shipÕs bat­tle man­age­ment sys­tem, called COMBATSS-21, is pro­duced by Lock­heed Martin and de­rived from the US NavyÕs lat­est Aegis sur­face com­bat­ants. The COMBATSS-21 Com­bat Man­age­ment Sys­tem is the back­bone of the Free­dom­vari­ant self-de­fence suite and in­te­grates the radar, elec­tro-op­ti­cal in­frared cam­eras, gun fire con­trol sys­tem, coun­ter­mea­sures and short-range anti-air mis­siles. COMBATSS-21 pro­vides a flex­i­ble, re­li­able next-gen­er­a­tion de­fence sys­tem for the LCS. Its mis­sion ca­pa­bil­i­ties in­clude in­tel­li­gence, surveil­lance and re­con­nais­sance; mine war­fare; sur­face war­fare; spe­cial op­er­a­tions; an­ti­sub­ma­rine war­fare; mar­itime in­ter­dic­tion/ in­ter­cep­tion op­er­a­tions; home­land de­fence and anti-ter­ror­ism/force pro­tec­tion.

The sys­tem pro­vides a scal­able, ser­vices-based frame­work. Cus­tom soft­ware Òadapter­sÓ­called bound­ary com­po­nents are the key to the flex­i­bil­ity of the ar­chi­tec­ture to support a wide range of sen­sors, com­mu­ni­ca­tion, and weapon in­ter­faces. Bound­ary com­po­nents sim­plify in­te­gra­tion of sys­tem el­e­ments and pro­vide flex­i­bil­ity to ac­com­mo­date fu­ture change. The com­po­nen­tised and lay­ered ar­chi­tec­ture en­ables up­grades and changes to any part of the sys­tem with min­i­mal im­pact to the re­main­ing soft­ware. Cus­tomer de­fined sen­sors, com­mu­ni­ca­tion and weapons are eas­ily in­te­grated and iso­lated from core com­po­nents of the com­mand and con­trol sys­tem. New com­po­nents

A Saab 9LV CMS sys­tem comes with all the op­er­a­tional ca­pa­bil­ity and func­tion­al­ity re­quired by the ship’s com­mand.

can eas­ily be in­cor­po­rated to ad­dress the unique needs of the cus­tomer. Be­cause of its mod­ern ar­chi­tec­ture, COMBATSS-21 can be hosted on con­fig­u­ra­tions rang­ing from a sin­gle com­mer­cial pro­ces­sor run­ning a com­mer­cial op­er­at­ing sys­tem to more dis­trib­uted con­fig­u­ra­tions. This makes it read­ily adapt­able to a wide va­ri­ety of ship­board ap­pli­ca­tions from pa­trol craft to large deck ships. Its proven soft­ware meets re­quire­ments for a low-risk, af­ford­able so­lu­tion that can be eas­ily up­graded to meet evolv­ing threats and en­vi­ron­ments through­out the shipÕs life-cy­cle.

DCNS

pO­LARIS¨ is a sea-proven com­pact so­lu­tion de­signed to ful­fil the need of navies and coast guards. The sys­tem fea­tures surveil­lance and pro­tec­tion ca­pa­bil­i­ties for lit­toral or ex­clu­sive eco­nom­i­cal zones op­er­a­tions. pO­LARIS¨ is par­tic­u­larly well adapted to off­shore pa­trol ves­sel, fast at­tack craft, fast pa­trol boat and land­ing plat­form dock/ land­ing he­li­copter dock. Other fea­tures are: It can han­dle an ex­ten­sive cor­re­la­tion of in­tel­li­gence data, ef­fi­cient iden­ti­fi­ca­tion pro­ce­dures, and en­hanced co­or­di­na­tion to support sea polic­ing and fight­ing asym­met­ric threats, It is a ro­bust and ver­sa­tile CMS which can eas­ily be adapted for up­grade pro­grammes on all kinds of ships. pO­LARIS¨ op­er­ates sur­face-to-sur­face mis­sile sys­tems as well as de­fence mis­sile sys­tems. Com­bined with MATRICS, pO­LARIS¨ au­to­mat­i­cally iden­ti­fies and points out ab­nor­mal be­hav­iour pat­terns.

zzIt has ex­tended con­nec­tiv­ity and in­ter­op­er­abil­ity with mul­ti­ple nodes. zz It can be linked to: Ð he­li­copters, spe­cial forces and

un­manned sys­tems. Ð Sen­sors for search and also for en­emy

car­ry­ing out elec­tronic war­fare. Ð Weapon sys­tems.

El­bit

ENTCS 2000 Naval Com­bat Man­age­ment Sys­tems is de­signed to as­sure Òknowl­edge su­pe­ri­or­i­tyÓ over po­ten­tial en­e­mies, shorten decision-mak­ing cy­cles and ex­e­cute rapid and ac­cu­rate weapon en­gage­ment in the task force. Simultaneously it en­sures op­ti­mum re­sponse to chang­ing events. Based on open, fully dis­trib­uted ar­chi­tec­ture and COTS build­ing blocks, the sys­tem has en­hanced re­dun­dancy and no sin­gle point of fail­ure. Mod­u­lar de­sign and scal­a­bil­ity as­sure com­pat­i­bil­ity with a broad range of ex­ist­ing sys­tems and plat­forms, from small pa­trol boats to frigates and from com­mand cen­tres to mar­itime pa­trol air­craft and he­li­copters.

BAE Sys­tems

BAE Sys­tems is the sole sup­plier and in­te­gra­tor of NCMS for the UK Royal NavyÕs sur­face and sub-sur­face fleet. Their ex­pe­ri­ence in com­mand and in­for­ma­tion sys­tems in­cludes in­ter­faces to a wide range of com­bat sys­tem equip­ment and lead­ing Euro­pean and US weapon sys­tems. The CMS fam­ily sup­ports plan­ning, tac­ti­cal pic­ture com­pi­la­tion, decision-mak­ing and weapon con­trol to meet mul­ti­ple emer­gent threats in blue wa­ter and lit­toral op­er­a­tions. CMS-1

COMBATSS-21 is the back­bone of the Free­dom­vari­ant self-de­fence suite and in­te­grates the radar, elec­troop­ti­cal in­frared cam­eras, gun fire con­trol sys­tem, coun­ter­mea­sures and short­range anti-air mis­siles.

is the heart of the com­bat sys­tem, pro­vid­ing sit­u­a­tional aware­ness and weapon con­trol from its in­tu­itive con­soles.

CMS-1 was de­vel­oped for the UK Royal NavyÕs Type 45 De­stroy­ers and will support it in ser­vice with the Royal Navy for at least the next three decades. A plan of through-life tech­nol­ogy re­fresh and ca­pa­bil­ity up­grades will en­sure that CMS-1 con­tin­ues to meet op­er­a­tional re­quire­ments in the fu­ture. CMS-1 sup­ports NATO and other coali­tion op­er­a­tions, and there is a con­stant ef­fort to evolve pro­grammes to en­hance the net­work en­abled ca­pa­bil­i­ties of its sen­sors and com­mand sys­tems on a num­ber of ad­di­tional naval ships.

L&T

Com­bat Man­age­ment Sys­tems in­cludes the fol­low­ing:

zz Sur­face and sub-sur­face ap­pli­ca­tion

zzSurveil­lance, multi-sen­sor data fu­sion, sit­u­a­tion as­sess­ment, threat eval­u­a­tion and weapon as­sign­ment/con­trol ca­pa­bil­ity zz Mis­sion plan­ning and in­tel­li­gent data man­age­ment fea­tures zz Open sys­tem ar­chi­tec­ture

zzEx­cel­lent real-time per­for­mance over dual re­dun­dant com­mu­ni­ca­tion back­bone with publish/sub­scribe par­a­digm of data net­work for seam­less in­te­gra­tion of sen­sors and house hold­ing data.

Selex ES has de­vel­oped a fam­ily of NCMS so­lu­tions named AThENA with vari­ants to suit var­i­ous roles. De­tails are:

Ar­chi­tec­ture & Tech­nolo­gies Han­dling Elec­tronic Naval Ap­pli­ca­tions

(ATHENA). AThENA is state-of-the-art CMS so­lu­tion, to per­form any type of com­bat mis­sion ap­plied across any class of sur­face ves­sels. It is de­signed to eas­ily in­te­grate ev­ery type of sen­sor, weapon or support sys­tem. It pro­vides the com­mand team with the strate­gic and tac­ti­cal sit­u­a­tion aware­ness, and ef­fec­tively man­ages all de­ployed force as­sets and own shipÕs re­sources to ac­com­plish naval ob­jec­tives and mis­sions.

ATHENA-P is the NCMS de­vel­oped to pro­vide C2 ca­pa­bil­i­ties on ves­sels with­out mis­siles guid­ance (i.e. mine hunters, and fast pa­trol boats, and pa­trol ves­sels for para­mil­i­tary or­gan­i­sa­tions).

ATHENA-C is the NCMS de­vel­oped to ad­dress the re­quire­ments for all classes of com­bat ves­sels (fast at­tack craft, corvettes, frigates, de­stroy­ers and air­craft car­ri­ers).

PHO­TO­GRAPH: Thales

Tac­ti­cos from Thales

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