Naval Rotary UAVs
NRuAVs are ideally suitable for the dirty and dangerous missions which otherwise would be undertaken by manned systems
NRUAVs are ideally suitable for the dirty and dangerous missions which otherwise would be undertaken by manned systems
Lt General Naresh Chand (Retd)
MAJoR deVeLoPMentS HAVe tAKen place in fixed-wing uAVs which operate from land. Some of these have been adopted for operating from ships but special modifications are required for take-off and landing which is a complex process. to overcome this drawback, naval rotary uAVs (nRuAVs) have been developed to operate from ships. nRuAVs can perform all the maritime uAV missions with the addition of search and rescue but without the problems of Ôlanding and take-offÕof fixed-wing uAVs. they can easily be used by the navy and coast guard. they can also operate from land thus are very useful for central police forces and homeland security. nRuAV can provide Ôover the HorizonÕ surveillance which extends the reach of the ÔeyesÕof the mother ship by day and night. it is capable of carrying an array of sensors in order to take on multiple roles. nRuAV provides the shipÕs captain an integral tool for carrying out his operational role more successfully as it extends the search area, allows more time over the target area and provides mission flexibility. nRuAVs are ideally suitable for the dirty and dangerous missions which otherwise would be undertaken by manned systems.
it is more pragmatic to develop a nRuAV from a existing proven helicopter platform than to develop a new platform. it will cost less, will be more reliable as it is already in service, short time for conversion into a rotary uAV and there will no requirement for stringent checking by the local aviation authorities.
Role of NRUAV
Role of NRUAVs is similar to fixed-wing uAVs but they can also operate with ease from a ship with much shorter reaction times. Possible roles of nRuAV are: intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) including identification
information, target designation and real time battle damage assessment.
littoral warfare and provide coastal surveillance.
the countryÕs interest in the exclusive economic zone (eeZ). Support search and rescue (S&R) operations.
surface/ground control stations can be networked so that all the nRuAV resources of the fleet can be synergised to produce a common operational picture. Such a network can also facilitate transfer of control of nRuAVs from one control station to another. can provide real-time persistence surveillance and integrated with manned maritime patrol aircraft.
information on mine countermeasures, hydrography and meteorology.
With a total endurance of over eight hours, the Fire Scout can provide more than six hours time on station with a standard payload at 110 nautical miles from the launch site.
it is a medium-range uAV system which can hover for a long time over designated area while providing realtime information. it is a fully autonomous, vertical take-off and landing nRuAV from ship decks, controlled by commands such as ÒPoint and flyÓand ÒPoint and LookÓ. it is designed for land, maritime and civil applications. Launch and recovery requires only
MQ-8B Fire Scout