Gal­lop­ing Barak-8

The de­vel­op­ment of naval vari­ant of Barak-8 mis­sile sys­tems is pro­gress­ing most sat­is­fac­to­rily with a se­ries of suc­cess­ful on­board test fir­ing

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The de­vel­op­ment of naval vari­ant of Barak-8 mis­sile sys­tems is pro­gress­ing most sat­is­fac­to­rily with a se­ries of suc­cess­ful on­board test fir­ing. Rear Ad­mi­ral Sushil Ram­say (Retd)

BaraK MeanS ÔLiGht­ninGÕ in he­brew. this he­brew word has been cho­sen by the is­rael aero­space in­dus­tries (iai) to de­velop sur­face-to-air mis­sile sys­tems. un­der an in­ter-gov­ern­men­tal agree­ment be­tween in­dia and is­rael, a joint ven­ture has been es­tab­lished for the de­vel­op­ment of sur­face-to-air mis­sile sys­tems. Sub­se­quent to the aban­doned in­dige­nous mis­sile de­vel­op­ment pro­gramme tr­ishul, a new joint de­vel­op­ment project was launched by the in­dian De­fence re­search and De­vel­op­ment or­gan­i­sa­tion (DrDo) and iai. Barak8, also known as the long-range sur­face-toair mis­sile (Lr-SaM), has been de­signed to de­fend against any type of air­borne threat in­clud­ing air­craft, he­li­copters, anti-ship mis­siles and uaV as well as cruise mis­siles and com­bat jets up to a max­i­mum range of 70 km. how­ever, con­se­quent to very suc­cess­ful launch of its ear­lier vari­ants of short-range sur­face-to-air and medium-range sur­face-to-air mis­sile sys­tems the max­i­mum range of Barak has been in­creased from the ini­tial plan of 70 km to now 90 km, fol­low­ing Òrange up­grade dis­cus­sionsÓ be­tween in­dia and is­rael dur­ing novem­ber 2014.

Barak-8 was jointly de­vel­oped by iai, DrDo, is­raelÕs ad­min­is­tra­tion for the De­vel­op­ment of Weapons and tech­no­log­i­cal in­fra­struc­ture, elta Sys­tems, rafael and other com­pa­nies. Bharat Dy­nam­ics Lim­ited (BDL) will pro­duce the mis­siles. the is­raeli navy has com­menced equip­ping its SaÕar 5 corvettes with the sys­tem, the first re­fit­ted ves­sel being the is­rael naval Ship Lahav. The Sa’ar 4.5 flotilla will be next for the up­grade. The first 32 mis­sile ar­ray will be fit­ted on the In­dian Navy stealth guid­ed­mis­sile de­stroyer, inS Kolkata.

Back­ground

Barak-8 is based on the orig­i­nal Barak-1 mis­sile and is ex­pected to fea­ture a more ad­vanced seeker, along­side range ex­ten­sions that will move it closer to medi­um­range naval sys­tems like the riM-162 eSSM or even the SM-2 Stan­dard. is­rael suc­cess­fully tested its im­proved Barak-ii mis­sile on July 30, 2009. the radar sys­tem pro­vides 360-de­gree cov­er­age and the mis­siles can take down an in­com­ing mis­sile as close as 500 m away from the ship. each Barak sys­tem, com­pris­ing mis­sile con­tainer, radar, com­put­ers and in­stal­la­tion, costs about $24 mil­lion. in novem­ber 2009 is­rael signed a $1.1-bil­lion con­tract to sup­ply an up­graded tac­ti­cal Barak-8 air de­fence sys­tem to in­dia.

Char­ac­ter­is­tics

iai de­scribe Barak-8 as Òan ad­vanced, lon­grange mis­sile de­fence and air de­fence sys­temÓwith its main features being: Long range two-way data link (GPS S band) ac­tive radar seeker mis­sile 360- de­gree cov­er­age zz Ver­ti­cal launch

Mul­ti­ple Si­mul­ta­ne­ous en­gage­ments Barak-8 has been de­scribed as a pow­er­ful point de­fence anti-bal­lis­tic mis­sile due to its com­bi­na­tion of ad­vanced ca­pa­bil­i­ties.

De­tail char­ac­ter­is­tics. the Barak-8 has a length of about 4.5 m, a di­am­e­ter of 0.225 m at mis­sile body, and 0.54 m at the booster stage, a wing­span of 0.94 m and weighs 275 kg in­clud­ing a 60-kg war­head which det­o­nates at prox­im­ity. the mis­sile has max­i­mum speed of Mach 2 with a max­i­mum op­er­a­tional range of 70 km, which was later in­creased to 100 km. Barak-8 features a dual pulse rocket motor as well as thrust vec­tor con­trol (tVc), and pos­sesses high de­grees of ma­noeu­vra­bil­ity at tar­get in­ter­cep­tion range. a se­cond motor is fired dur­ing the ter­mi­nal phase, at which stage the ac­tive radar seeker is ac­ti­vated to home in on to the en­emy track. When cou­pled with a modern air de­fence sys­tem and multi-func­tion sur­veil­lance track and guid­ance radars (such as the eL/M-2248 Mf-Star aeSa on­board the Kolkata class de­stroy­ers) Barak-8 is ca­pa­ble of si­mul­ta­ne­ously en­gag­ing mul­ti­ple tar­gets dur­ing sat­u­ra­tion at­tacks.

Barak-8ER

it has been re­ported that an ex­tend­e­drange (er) vari­ant of the Barak-8 is un­der de­vel­op­ment, which will see the mis­siles max­i­mum range in­creased to 150 km. De­signed to en­gage mul­ti­ple be­yond vis­ual range threats, the low launch sig­na­ture Barak-8er is un­der­stood to re­tain the same au­topi­lot/in­er­tial nav­i­ga­tion sys­tem and ac­tive radar seeker guid­ance as the Barak8, al­though some mod­i­fi­ca­tions to the soft­ware and to the mis­sile con­trol sur­faces are likely. the booster in­creases the length of the mis­sile at launch from its cur­rent 4.5 m to nearly 6 m, al­though the length in flight after the booster has been jet­ti­soned may be slightly less than the base Barak-8 mis­sile, if a tVc is not present. the mis­sile di­am­e­ter and fin spans are thought to be the same as the base Barak-8. the booster weight is cur­rently un­known, al­though the mis­sileÕs weight after the booster has been jet­ti­soned is the same as that for the cur­rent Barak-8 con­fig­u­ra­tion.

as per avail­able re­ports the ini­tial op­er­a­tional ca­pa­bil­ity (ioc) for Barak-8er will first be de­clared for the naval vari­ant, fol­lowed by ioc for the land vari­ant. While the de­tails of the launch cus­tomer for Barak-8er have not been an­nounced, it is spec­u­lated that the ex­ist­ing cus­tomers for Barak-8 will be in­ter­ested in this con­fig­u­ra­tion be­cause it of­fers ad­di­tional ca­pa­bil­ity to their cur­rent sys­tem. the mis­sile is ex­pected to equip the in­dian navyÕs fu­ture Project 15B, Visakha­p­at­nam class guided mis­sile de­stroy­ers.

Flight Tests

Ma­jor Mile­stones in May 2010, the Barak-ii mis­sile was suc­cess­fully test-fired at an elec­tronic tar­get and met its ini­tial ob­jec­tives. the se­cond test of the mis­sile was held in in­dia later in 2010. on novem­ber 10, 2014, the Barak-8 was suc­cess­fully test-fired in Is­rael with all in­te­grated op­er­a­tional com­po­nents for both the ma­rine and land sys­tem.

on novem­ber 26, 2015, a suc­cess­ful test was con­ducted on a drone tar­get. on De­cem­ber 29, 2015, and De­cem­ber 30, 2015, the in­dian navy suc­cess­fully test­fired the Barak-8 mis­sile from INS Kolkata. Two mis­siles were fired at high speed tar­gets, dur­ing naval ex­er­cises which were un­der­taken in the ara­bian Sea. On June 30, 2016, In­dia test-fired a land-based ver­sion of Barak-8 SaM for the first time from de­fence in­te­grated test range, off the chandipur, odisha, suc­cess­fully hit­ting the Pta. the mis­sile was again test-fired for se­cond time around noon where it again suc­cess­fully hit a Pta over the Bay of Ben­gal. The test-fir­ing of the mis­sile was jointly car­ried out by the in­dian de­fence per­son­nel, DrDo and iai.

on July 1, 2016, the medium-range SaM, land-based ver­sion was tested for the third time from the in­te­grated test range at chandipur and the mis­sile suc­cess­fully hit a Pta, prov­ing its re­li­a­bil­ity. on Septem­ber 20, 2016, in­dia suc­cess­fully test-fired sur­face-to-air mis­sile Barak-8. the de­vel­op­ment of naval vari­ant of Barak-8 mis­sile sys­tems is pro­gress­ing most sat­is­fac­to­rily with a se­ries of suc­cess­ful on­board test fir­ing. Its in­duc­tion on Kolkata class guided mis­sile de­stroy­ers is at the fi­nal stages. En­cour­aged by the progress of the joint de­vel­op­ment project, Barak-8 has also been ap­proved for in­duc­tion on­board Project 15B, Visakha­p­at­nam class.

PHO­TO­GRAPH: In­dian Navy

A long-range sur­face-to-air mis­sile Barak-8 fired from INS Kolkata

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