These ideas are part of publications by Zavestoski S. & Swarnakar P. (2017).
Neither ‘Top-down’ nor ‘Bottom-up’: A ‘Middle-out‘ Alternative to Sustainable Development. ‘Bottom-Up‘ Approaches in Governance and Adaptation for Sustainable Development: Case Studies from India and Bangladesh, 315. Edited by P. Swarnakar, S. Zavestoski & B. K. Pattnaik. SAGE Publications, New Delhi.
B. K. Pattnaik