Pvt Jobs Grow 38%, but No. of New Cos Up 42%

Man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor was the largest em­ployer fol­lowed by re­tail

The Economic Times - - Companies - Our Bureau

New Delhi: The sixth Eco­nomic Cen­sus has found that em­ploy­ment in In­dian en­ter­prises grew 38.13% in 2013 from 2005 even as the growth in the to­tal num­ber of es­tab­lish­ments in the coun­try was higher at 41.75%. As per the cen­sus, which was car­ried out be­tween Jan­uary 2013 and April 2014, 58.5 mil­lion es­tab­lish­ments were found to be in op­er­a­tion em­ploy­ing 131.29 mil­lion peo­ple.

The cen­sus re­sults are dif­fer­ent from those of the house­hold sur­vey, which is also done by the min­istry of sta­tis­tics and pro­gramme im­ple­men­ta­tion, as the ap­proach and cov­er­age of the two sur­veys are dif­fer­ent. In the eco­nomic cen­sus, the enu­mer­a­tion unit is an es­tab­lish­ment while in the house­hold sur­vey, the ac­count­ing unit is a worker.

Es­tab­lish­ment is de­fined as units en­gaged in pro­duc­tion and/or distri­bu­tion of goods and ser­vices not for the pur­pose of sole con­sump­tion.

Be­sides, the eco­nomic cen­sus has left out es­tab­lish­ments in­volved in crop pro­duc­tion, plan­ta­tion, pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tion, de­fence and com­pul­sory so­cial se­cu­rity.

“Hence, farm­ers, ca­sual labour, con­tract work­ers, house­maids and many oth­ers get missed in the cen­sus. It is not com­pre­hen­sive that way,” said an of­fi­cial.

As per the cen­sus re­port, man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor was the largest em­ployer pro­vid­ing em­ploy­ment to 23.1% of the pop­u­la­tion cov­ered, fol­lowed by re­tail trade em­ploy­ing 20.7% and live­stock sec­tor that em­ployed 14.8% of the peo­ple con­sid­ered in the cen­sus. Dur­ing the pe­riod be­tween the two cen­suses (2005 and 2013), non-agri­cul­tural es­tab­lish­ments grew 28.97% while agri­cul­tural es­tab­lish­ments grew 115.98%, sug­gest­ing a strong in­crease in agri­cul­ture re­lated busi­ness.

Ac­cord­ing to the cen­sus re­sults, 59.48% es­tab­lish­ments were found in ru­ral ar­eas em­ploy­ing 51.71% of the pop­u­la­tion un­der con­sid­er­a­tion whereas 40.52% es­tab­lish­ments that were lo­cated in ur­ban ar­eas em­ployed 48.29% peo­ple. The cen­sus re­vealed that Ut­tar Pradesh, Ma­ha­rash­tra, West Ben­gal, Tamil Nadu and Andhra to­gether ac­counted for about 50% of the to­tal num­ber of es­tab­lish­ments in the coun­try.

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