Need and Greed
To hoard material objects beyond one’s basic needs is parigraha, born of a self-centric approach to life. It may make you grab things that belong to someone else. This may lead to conflict, tension, competition and violence, besides impeding one’s spiritual growth, as greed and grace do not go together. Material wants whet the appetite for more. Inner peace is eclipsed in the process.
In Jainism, the path to spiritual ascension lies in self-denial, self-abnegation and self-mortification. Aparigraha (nonpossession) is one of the five mahavratas, or sacred vows, to be taken by monks, others being ahimsa (non-violence), satya (truth), asteya (non-stealing) and brahmacharya (celibacy). Aparigraha is a matter of disciplining the mind and the senses so that one may lead a straight life. It forms the quintessence of right conduct, one of the three jewels of Jaina wisdom. Right conduct stems from the other two principles: right faith, right knowledge.
Aparigraha implies freedom from mental gluttony for goods or objects one holds dear. For ascetics, aparigraha is the path of nivritti, the tendency to move away from the world after introspection, to be distinguished from the path of pravritti (worldly involvement).
For the householder, aparigraha is not a plea for withdrawal from worldly activities but the realisation that the universe is under the proprietorship of the Supreme soul, and that one should take only as much as is needed.