With Fo­cus on Mfg, Labour Min Pitches for Jobs Sur­vey Re­cast

To cover 18 sec­tors in­stead of 8 and 10,000 es­tab­lish­ments com­pared to 2,000 ear­lier

The Economic Times - - Economy - Yogima.Sharma @times­group.com

New Delhi: In­dia is set to make ma­jor im­prove­ments to the way it mea­sures em­ploy­ment gen­er­a­tion so as to get a more ac­cu­rate snap­shot of the econ­omy.

The labour min­istry has pro­posed an over­haul of its quar­terly em­ploy­ment sur­vey, which it be­lieves has not been able to cap­ture the num­ber of jobs cre­ated in the past two years fol­low­ing the govern­ment’s en­hanced fo­cus on man­u­fac­tur­ing and in­crease in non-agri­cul­tural ac­tiv­ity in ru­ral In­dia.

It has pro­posed that from the on­go­ing April-June quar­ter the sur­vey will cover18 sec­tors in­stead of eight and 10,000 es­tab­lish­ments com­pared to 2,000 at present. This will help ac­count for 84% of em­ploy­ment in the non­farm sec­tor, a se­nior labour min­istry of­fi­cial told ET.

The find­ings of the sur­vey are ex­pected to be re­leased in July,

ac­cu­rate snap­shot of the econ­omy

ac­count for 84% of em­ploy­ment in non-farm sec­tor

iden­tify stress points that can be ad­dressed quickly

feels sur­vey has not been able to cap­ture no. of jobs cre­ated in past 2 yrs

This is be­cause of govt’s en­hanced fo­cus on mfg & in­crease in non-agri ac­tiv­ity in ru­ral In­dia

thus do­ing away with the lag of min­i­mum three months, as has been the norm till now, the of­fi­cial said, re­quest­ing not to be named. “At present there is a data gap with re­spect to statis­tics on em­ploy­ment across var­i­ous labour in­ten­sive sec­tors. Hence, we in­tend to ex­tend the scope and cov­er­age so that the sur­vey is re­flec­tive of the ac­tual jobs added to the country’s work­force ev­ery quar­ter,” the of­fi­cial said.

Ac­cord­ing to the pro­posal, the re­vamped sur­vey will help cre­ate a stronger em­ploy­ment re­lated data­base in or­gan­ised sec­tor on quar­terly ba­sis and later its cov­er­age will be ex­tended to the un­or­gan­ised sec­tor.

Be­sides cap­tur­ing the im­pact of govern­ment poli­cies, the sur­vey will help throw up op­por­tu­ni­ties where in­ter­ven­tion can help or iden­tify stress points that can be ad­dressed quickly.

More than one crore peo­ple are added an­nu­ally to In­dia’s work­force, which stands at close to 50 crore. More than 93% of th­ese work­ers are em­ployed in the un­or­gan­ised sec­tor.

The sec­tors added to the pro­posed sur­vey in­clude em­ploy­ment gen­er­ated in food prod­ucts man­u­fac­tur­ing, man­u­fac­tur­ing of non-metal­lic min­eral prod­ucts, con­struc­tion of build­ings, re­tail trade, ed­u­ca­tion, health, hos­pi­tal­ity as well as food and bev­er­age in­dus­try.

The ex­ist­ing sur­vey in­cludes textiles, me­tals, gems and jewellery, au­to­mo­biles, trans­port, IT/ BPO, leather, hand­loom and power loom.

Ac­cord­ing to the labour bureau statis­tics, 5.2 lakh peo­ple found jobs across eight sec­tors in 201415, the first year of em­ploy­ment gen­er­a­tion un­der the BJP-led NDA govern­ment, com­pared to 2.76 lakh added in 2013-14. Be­tween April and Septem­ber 2015, 3.63 lakh peo­ple were added to the country’s work­force.

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