Un­con­di­tional Sur­ren­der

The Economic Times - - The Edit Page -

Vedas de­scribe God as be­ing Nir­guna, free of qual­i­ties, and Ni­ran­jana, free of blem­ish. Ad­vaita phi­los­o­phy of Adi Sankara ex­plains this con­cept, “God or Brahmn does not have any gu­nas or qual­i­ties.” But Ra­manuja of Vishish­tad­vaita phi­los­o­phy ex­plains that nir­guna does not mean that God has no qual­i­ties, it only means that God has no bad qual­i­ties.

Ra­manuja be­came so fas­ci­nated by the qual­ity of karuna and daya, com­pas­sion, that his en­tire work is mostly about this won­der­ful qual­ity. Be­cause of this qual­ity, He comes to the res­cue of all those who sur­ren­der com­pletely to Him, as His com­pas­sion is lim­it­less.

The en­tire prin­ci­ple of Vishish­tad­vaita veers around Sha­rana­gati, to­tal sur­ren­der to God. Vaish­navites be­lieve that by seek­ing for­give­ness through their Guru or Acharya, they will be ab­solved of all sins and come closer to sal­va­tion. In Bha­gavad Pu­rana, when Hi­ranyaka­shipu asks Pra­ha­lad, his son, what is the best thing he has learnt, Pra­ha­lad enu­mer­ates nine ways of reach­ing God and one of them is atma samarpanam, or to­tal sur­ren­der to God.

In the Bhag­wad Gita, Kr­ishna says, “Leave ev­ery­thing and sur­ren­der to me, I will ab­solve you of all sins and lead you to sal­va­tion.” God does not dif­fer­en­ti­ate be­tween friend and foe, man and an­i­mal, caste and creed; He comes to the res­cue of all those who sur­ren­der to Him with full faith and be­lief in Him. Sur­ren­der­ing un­con­di­tion­ally is one way of ex­press­ing our con­fi­dence in the Di­vine, for faith works won­ders.

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